��POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.
��younger men of promise, who are ex- pected not only to attain scientific emi- nence, but also to possess executive abil- ity and to exert personal influence. The National Academy needs a membership of this character, and has fortunately to some extent obtained it within recent years. Thus the members elected at the present meeting are Prof. James E. Keeler, director of the Lick Observa- tory; Prof. Franz Boas, of Columbia University and the American Museum Natural History ; Prof. Henry F. Osborn, also of Columbia University and the American Museum, and Prof. Samuel L. Penfield, of Yale University.
There is perhaps no objection to re- garding the National Academy of Sciences as a quasi hereditary upper house, whose functions are largely con- servative, while the active duties on behalf of science devolve on a more democratic body— The American Asso- ciation for the Advancement of Science. This association meets at Columbia Uni- versity, New York City, during the last week of the present month, and with it some fifteen special societies devoted to different sciences. The association cele- brated its fiftieth anniversary in Bos- ton two years ago, when about half of its nearly two thousand members were present, and there is every reason to hope that the New York meeting will be as largely attended. The members will be welcomed by Governor Roose- velt and President Low, and after listen- ing to addresses by the vice-presidents, will divide into nine sections, before which special papers will be presented. The address of the retiring president, Mr. G. K. Gilbert, of the United States Geological Survey, will be given at the American Museum of Natural History on Tuesday evening, while the president, Prof. P. S. Woodward, of Columbia Uni- versity, will preside at the general ses- sions. The American Association has during its long history performed a use- ful service in bringing men of science together and in attracting the attention of the general public to scientific work,
��but in some respects it has been less in- fluential than its sister associations in Great Britain, Germany and France. This has been in some measure due to the large area of the country and the heat of the summer, making it difficult for men of science to come together, but it prob- ably represents chiefly a certain lack of organization of science in America. With the growth of university centers and of scientific work under the Govern- ment, the number of men of science has greatly increased, while with the estab- lishment of special societies and journals their means of intercommunication have improved. There is every reason for the support of an association which can rep- resent the whole body of scientific men and forward the scientific movements that are of such importance to the coun- try. The membership of the association is of two classes, fellows and members. The former are selected from those who are actively engaged in advancing science, while all those who are inter- ested in science are eligible for member- ship. Those who would like to have their names proposed for membership may address the local secretary of the New York meeting, Prof. J. McKeen Cattell, Columbia University, or the per- manent secretary, Dr. L. O. Howard, Department of Agriculture, Washing- ton. D. C.
A very ambitious project is on the stocks for the foundation of an 'Inter- national Association for the Advance- ment of Science, Arts and Education.' It will be remembered that there was last year an interchange of visits be- tween the British Association meeting at Dover and the French Association meet- ing at Boulogne. Arrangements were then made resulting in the appointment of general committees for Great Britain and France, and it was decided to hold an international assembly at Paris dur- ing the Exposition. Prof. Patrick Ged- des, secretary of the British Group, has since visited the United States, and a general committee has been formed with Dr. W. T. Harris. United States Oom-