Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 61.djvu/444

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43S POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

component. Consequently suggestions were made to correct the word to mammology if not mammalology. Others would compound a name of two Greek constituents (drjp, a wild beast, and Xoyoz). Therology was the result. Dr. John D. Godman, in his ' American Natural His- tory' (1824), entitled the first (and only published part) 'Mastology,' thus borrowing a word first used by Desmarest. The writer of the long article on mammalia for the Edinburgh Encyclopaedia (1819) coined the word Mazology {'flavor;, a breast, and X6yo<z, discourse'). None of these words has found general admission into the language. Notwithstanding the philological objections, mammalogy of late years has been generally accepted and general consensus establishes its right of being.

I have derived the terminal form of words ending in -ology from Xbyot; rather than Xoy'ta, which latter has sometimes been given, because the only Greek word Xoyla (occurring in the first Epistle to the Corin- thians, 16: 1, 2) means 'a, collection for the poor,' and therefore Xoyca is misleading and has misled several to my knowledge. The Greek words dikologia, etymologia, philologia and theologia of course are good precedents for the English words ending in -ology and consequently we may use, as a suffix, -Xoyla (but not simply Xoyia) in explanation of the etymology.

Supplementary Note.

While reading the proof of the preceding article I found reason to fear that, through my desire to be concise and not discursive, I might give a misleading idea of the originality of Linnaeus. The concept of the class of Mammals did not spring Minerva-like from the head of the Swede, but the great English naturalist of the seventeenth century (John Ray), to whom Linnaeus owed so much, was suggestive in this as in other cases. Ray, in his ' Synopsis Methodica Animalium Quad- rupedum et Serpentini Generis' (1693, p. 53), gave an 'Animalium Tabula generalis' in which he bracketed the terrestrial or quadruped mammals with the aquatic as 'Vivipara,' and contrasted them with the 'Ovipara' or 'Aves.' The Vivipara are exactly coextensive with Mam- malia but the word vivipara was used as an adjective and not as a noun. Linnaeus did not catch up with this concept till 1758 when he advanced beyond it by recognizing the group as a class and giving it an apt name. To go farther into details is tempting, but would be out of place here.

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