Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 64.djvu/181

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177
THE GROWTH OF RURAL POPULATION.
THE GROWTH OF RURAL POPULATION.
By FRANK T. CARLTON,
TOLEDO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL.

IN the last decade numerous articles were written and many warnings sounded regarding the depopulation of the rural districts in the eastern and north central portions of the United States. To a person believing that the country, not the city, furnishes the 'bone and sinew' of the nation, a study of the census returns for 1890 provided sufficient foundation for such articles. Now another ten years have passed into history; new and, in many cases, quite different industrial conditions obtain; a new census has been taken and its results are now available. It is the purpose of this article to discuss the tendencies which are found at the present time in regard to the changes in rural population and to show that an improvement in rural conditions seems to be indicated by statistical study as well as by a survey of the social and industrial situation.

Taking the township as a basis of comparison, we find that during the decade, 1880-1890, the population decreased in 57 per cent, of the townships of the state of Ohio, in 48 per cent, of those of Indiana and in 56 per cent, of the townships of Illinois; during the decade, 1890-1900, the percentages are, respectively, 53, 4312, and 34. In these three north central states a total of 2,037 townships, or 5412 per cent., decreased in population during 1880-1890; but only 1,631, or 43 per

 
State. Number of cities having a population of 25,000 or more. Total increase in population of these cities, 1880-1890. Same, 1890-1900. Total increase in population of state, 1880-1890. Same, 1890-1900. Total increase in population of state outside large cities, 1880-1890. Same, 1890-1900.
New York 12 848,481 1,052,155 914,982 1,265,251 66,501 213,096
Ohio 9 287,188 298,958 474,254 485,229 187,066 186,271
Indiana 5 72,683 103,337 214,103 324,058 141,420 220,721
Illinois 7 646,122 655,797 748,480 995,199 102,358 339,402
Massachusetts 19 305,409 366,160 455,858 566,403 150,449 200,243
Vermont none 136 11,219 136 11,219
New Hampshire 1 11,496 12,861 29,539 35,058 18,043 22,197
New Jersey 10 205,053 238,268 313,817 438,736 108,764 200,468
Delaware 1 18,953 16,077 21,885 16,242 2,932 1165
 Total 64 2,395,385 2,743,613 777,669 1,394,782