THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE IOI Harvard. He was reported in the daily papers to have spoken in favor of in- ter-collegiate athletics and against the elective system. This would indeed be a cry of " le roi est mort," and ex- plain why one seventh of the members of the Harvard corporation did not vote with the majority in the presi- dential election. As a matter of fact, Mr. Lowell spoke with skill and with caution. He did, however, argue that the elective system interferes with competition in college studies, and that the cooperative competition of athletic games should be applied to the work of the class room. But he did not tell how he thought that this could be accomplished. His main argument was from the competition in the English universities. He said: "The result is that by the I sis and the Cam there is probably more hard study done in sub- jects not of a professional character than in any other universities in the world." This is scarcely correct. The " poll " men at Oxford and Cambridge do even less work for tneir degrees than the average students at Harvard and Princeton. The men in the honor courses are doing professional work of much the same character as is done in the Harvard graduate and professional schools and with much the same re- wards in the way of fellowships and positions. The greater direct competi- tion in examinations which does obtain in the English universities is not neces- sarily an advantage. Indeed the ar- rangement of men in the order of merit in the mathematical tripos has just now been abandoned at Cambridge on the ground that it led to " cramming." Scholarship is more highly esteemed in England and in Germany (where there is no class-room competition in the universities) than here. Probably as time goes on there will be an equaliza- tion due to greater respect for the scholar here and to relatively higher regard for other forms of accomplish- ment there. Mr. Lowell said : " Uni- versities stand for the eternal worth of thought, for the preeminence of the prophet and the seer." But the coun- try can not support 80,000,000 prophets and seers. To one hearer Mr. Lowell's address seemed somewhat naive, and left an impression of uncertainty as to how he would confront the complicated prob- lems which the latter-day university president is expected to manage. THE NEW BUILDINGS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH In January, 1908, the University of Pittsburgh acquired a new location, consisting of 43 acres near the en- trance to Schenley Park and within a short distance of the Carnegie Insti- tute. The ground is partially rising and partially level, permitting an ef- fective grouping of the buildings. Under the direction of Professor War- ren P. Laird, an architects' competi- tion was hela in which sixty-six de- signs were submitted. The group plan accepted was that of Palmer & Horn- bostel, a reproduction of which is here shown. The style of architecture is Grecian and is well adapted to the natural features of the ground. The location of the several departments of the university is determined and for the most part the exact buildings which will be erected. The first building of the group, the School of Mines, is completed and has just been dedicated. Its cost is ap- proximately $200,000. The second building, costing an equal sum, is in process of erection and will be ready for occupancy in September. The state appropriation provided by the last legislature permits the erection of an- other building, which will belong to the medical group. The architects are working upon the plans for this build- ing, the erection of which will be com- menced on July 1, permitting the med- ical department to begin its work in the new location in 1910. As rapidly as buildings can be pro- vided the other departments, law, den- tistry and pharmacy will be transferred to the new location. The university
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