Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/192

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a. Such are the verbs forming their present-stem by reduplication without adding a: namely, those of the reduplicating or hu-class (655) and the intensives (1012): thus, from √hu, present-stem juhu, participle-stem júhvat; intensive-stem johu, intensive participle-stem jóhvat. Further, the participles of roots apparently containing a contracted reduplication: namely, cákṣat, dā́çat, dā́sat, çā́sat, sáçcat; the aorist participle dhákṣat, and vāghát (?). Vavṛdhánt (RV., once), which has the n notwithstanding its reduplication, comes, like the desiderative participles (1032), from a stem in a: compare vāvṛdhánta, vāvṛdhásva.

b. Even these verbs are allowed by the grammarians to make the nom.-acc.-voc. pl. neut. in anti.

445. The inflection of these stems is quite regular. The nom. sing. masc. comes to end in अन् an by the regular (150) loss of the two final consonants from the etymological form अन्त्स् ants. The vocative of each gender is like the nominative.

446. Stems accented on the final syllable throw the accent forward upon the case-ending in the weakest cases (not in the middle also).

a. In the dual neut. (as in the feminine stem) from such participles, the accent is ántī if the n is retained, atī́ if it is lost.

447. Examples of declension. As such may serve भवन्त् bhávant being, अदन्त् adánt eating, जुह्वत् júhvat sacrificing. Thus:

Singular:
N. भवन्
bhávan
भवत्
bhávat
अदन्
adán
अदत्
adát
जुह्वत्
júhvat
जुह्वत्
júhvat
A. भवन्तम्
bhávantam
भवत्
bhávat
अदन्तम्
adántam
अदत्
adát
जुह्वतम्
júhvatam
जुह्वत्
júhvat
I. भवता
bhávatā
अदता
adatā́
जुह्वता
júhvatā
D. भवते
bhávate
अदते
adaté
जुह्वते
júhvate
Ab. G. भवतस्
bhávatas
अदतस्
adatás
जुह्वतस्
júhvatas
L. भवति
bhávati
अदति
adatí
जुह्वति
júhvati