Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/205

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CHAPTER VI.




NUMERALS.

475. The simple cardinal numerals for the first ten numbers (which are the foundation of the whole class), with their derivatives, the tens, and with some of the higher members of the decimal series, are as follows:

1 एक
éka
10 दश
dáça
100 शत
çatá
2 द्व
dvá
20 विंशति
viṅçatí
1000 सहस्र
sahásra
3 त्रि
trí
30 त्रिंशत्
triṅçát
10,000 अयुत
ayúta
4 चतुर्
catúr
40 चत्वारिंशत्
catvāriṅçát
100,000 लक्ष
lakṣá
5 पञ्च
páñca
50 पञ्चाशत्
pañcāçát
1,000,000 प्रयुत
prayúta
6 षष्
ṣáṣ
60 षष्टि
ṣaṣṭí
10,000,000 कोटि
kóṭi
7 सप्त
saptá
70 सप्तति
saptatí
108 अर्बुद
arbudá
8 अष्ट
aṣṭá
80 अशीति
açītí
109 महार्बुद
mahārbuda
9 नव
náva
90 नवति
navatí
1010 खर्व
kharvá
10 दश
dáça
100 शत
çatá
1011 निखर्व
nikharva

a. The accent saptá and aṣṭá is that belonging to these words in all accentuated texts; according to the grammarians, they are sápta and áṣṭa in the later language. See below, 483.

b. The series of decimal numbers may be carried still further; but there are great differences among the different authorities with