Page:Sanskrit Grammar by Whitney p1.djvu/290

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page has been validated.


to be formed in the classical language from roots ending in a consonant; for both class-sign and ending is substituted the peculiar ending आन āná.

active. middle.
s. d. p. s. d. p.
1 क्रीणानि
krīṇā́ni
क्रीणाव
krīṇā́va
क्रीणाम
krīṇā́ma
क्रीणै
krīṇāí
क्रीणावहै
krīṇā́vahāi
क्रीणामहै
krīṇā́mahāi
2 क्रीणीहि
krīṇīhí
क्रीणीतम्
krīṇītám
क्रीणीत
krīṇītá
क्रीणीष्व
krīṇīṣvá
क्रीणाथाम्
krīṇā́thām
क्रीणीध्वम्
krīṇīdhvám
3 क्रीणातु
krīṇā́tu
क्रीणीताम्
krīṇītā́m
क्रीणन्तु
krīṇántu
क्रीणीताम्
krīṇītā́m
क्रीणाताम्
krīṇā́tām
क्रीणताम्
krīṇátām

a. Examples of the ending āná in 2d sing. act. are açāna, gṛhāṇá, badhāná, stabhāná.

723. The ending āna is known also to the earliest language; of the examples just given, all are found in AV., and the first two in RV.; others are iṣāṇa, muṣāṇa, skabhāna. But AV. has also gṛbhṇīhi (also AB.), and even gṛhṇāhi, with strong stem; BhP. has badhnīhi. Strong stems are farther found in gṛṇāhi and stṛṇāhi (TS.), pṛṇāhi (TB.), and çrīṇāhi (Āpast.), and, with anomalous accent, punāhí and çṛṇāhí (SV.); and, in 2d pl. act., in punā́ta (RV.). The ending tāt of 2d sing. act. occurs in gṛhṇītāt, jānītā́t, punītāt. The ending tana is found in punītána, pṛṇītana, çrīṇītana.

5. Present Participle.

724. The participles are regularly formed: thus, for example, act. क्रीणन्त् krīṇánt (fem. क्रीणती krīṇatī́); mid. क्रीणान krīṇāná.

6. Imperfect.

725. There is nothing special to be noted as to the inflection of this tense: an example is —

active. middle.
s. d. p. s. d. p.
1 अक्रीणाम्
ákrīṇām
अक्रीणीव
ákrīṇīva
अक्रीणीम
ákrīṇīma
अक्रीणि
ákrīṇi
अक्रीणीवहि
ákrīṇīvahi
अक्रीणीमहि
ákrīṇīmahi
2 अक्रीणास्
ákrīṇās
अक्रीणीतम्
ákrīṇītam
अक्रीणीत
ákrīṇīta
अक्रीणीथास्
ákrīṇīthās
अक्रीणाथाम्
ákrīṇāthām
अक्रीणीध्वम्
ákrīṇīdhvam
3 अक्रीणात्
ákrīṇāt
अक्रीणीताम्
ákrīṇītām
अक्रीणन्
ákrīṇan
अक्रीणीत
ákrīṇīta
अक्रीणाताम्
ákrīṇātām
अक्रीणत
ákrīṇata