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The Old Smith. 439
paper upon which the Ordinances of Secession were written, and for the ink and pens used in the writing. There never was a people on earth so destitute of all means of making war material and of supply- ing comforts and conveniences for those in camps and for those at home. From first to last, we had to depend largely upon the spoils taken from the enemy with Stonewall Jackson as Quartermaster and Commissary General. From first to last, ours was the worst fed, worst clothed and worst equipped army in the world, deficient in medical stores, in ordnance stores, in wagons, tents, shoes even in artillery and rifles. Theirs was the best organized, the best equipped and the most pampered army in the world, with abundant commis- sariat, medical supplies, transportation, ordnance stores, etc., etc.
A young rebel lieutenant, who had been accustomed at home to a dram before each meal, and at frequent intervals between these three periods, was asked when the war would be over. " I am no military man," groaned he. " I know nothing of military affairs ; but one thing I do know, and that is that the Confederacy has started the biggest temperance movement the world ever saw."
You all know how readily the Irish of the two armies affiliated when they came together as captors and prisoners. At Second Manassas I was amused at a conversation between some Federal Irishmen and their countrymen in my division, who were in charge of them. One of the Irish prisoners complained to one of my Irish- men that he had not had anything to eat in twenty-four hours. My man replied : " And are you after complaining of such a thrifle as that ? Why, Pat, me boy, in the Southern Confederacy we have one male (meal) a week and three fights a day."
3d. I wished to say a few words in regard to the Confederate Navy, and I regret that I am so ignorant on this subject. I had the honor to know a few, and a few only, of our naval heroes, but these were all grand men. Among them were Semmes, the Chevalier Bayard of the ocean; J. J. Waddell (of an illustrious North Carolina lineage), almost the peer of Semmes as a successful cruiser ; M. F. Maury, the greatest benefactor to the merchant and naval marine the world has ever known ; the brave W. F. Lynch, the Christian scholar and explorer; the gallant Pegram, Hunter, Alexander and a few others. I was proud before the civil war of the fame of Tatnall, Ingraham and Hollins, and was glad that they cast in their lot with their own people. I always regretted that I never saw your own Franklin Buchanan, the hardest fighter on our side, as Farragut, of Tennessee, was on their side. These two Southerners rose to the