Page:Southern Historical Society Papers volume 20.djvu/134

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128 Southern Historical Society Papers.

Killed. Wounded. Missing.

Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, Sep- tember 19 and 20 2,012 12,999 2,087

Knoxville, Lookout Mountain, Mis- sionary Ridge, Tunnel Hill, Nov. 18,29 716 3,026

Total 2,728 16,025

Aggregate loss 20,840

This estimate does not include the losses in prisoners sustained by General Bragg' s army at Knoxville, at Lookout Mountain and Mis- sionary Ridge, which would swell the total loss to over thirty-thou- sand men.

The desperate and bloody nature of the Confederate operations around Chattanooga, in the months of September and November, 1863, will be seen by a brief view of the preceding great battles fought by the armies of Mississippi and Tennessee, and of the sub- sequent campaigns under General Joseph E. Johnston and General J. B. Hood, in 1864 and 1865.

At the battle of Belmont, Missouri, on the 7th November, 1861, the Confederate forces, under the command of General Leonidas Polk, defeated the Federal forces under General U. S. Grant, with a loss to the former of killed, one hundred and five; wounded, four hundred and nineteen; missing, one hundred and seventeen ; total, six hundred and forty-one.

The Confederate operations of 1861 and 1862, as conducted by General Albert Sidney Johnston, at the battle of Shiloh, were char- acterized by the most appalling disasters.

Fort Henry, Tennessee, fell February 6, 1862, with an insignifi- cant loss of five killed, eleven wounded, sixty-three prisoners.

Fort Donelson, Tennessee, after three days' fighting, February 14, 15 and 16, 1862, surrendered, with a loss of killed, two hundred and thirty-one ; wounded, one thousand and seven ; prisoners, thir- teen thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine; total Confederate loss, fifteen thousand and sixty-seven. With the fall of Forts Henry and Donelson, the Cumberland and Tennessee were opened to the passage of the iron-clad gunboats of the Northern army; Kentucky passed under the Federal yoke ; Nashville, the proud political and