Page:Southern Historical Society Papers volume 38.djvu/205
Stuart in the Gettysburg Campaign. 193
their signal stations on the peaks, without discovering their pres- ence. Such bucolic simplicity is inconsistent with the character of the Confederate commander. Every private in his army knew where Hooker was.
GF.XERAL LEE READS REPORT.
No doubt he left when he was sure that Hooker's army was over the river. Nor could he have been surprised to hear it was at Gettysburg, unless he expected Hooker to stand still. At Williamsport he wrote Mr. Davis that he thought he could throw Hooker's army over the river ; and yet his report says he was surprised when he heard he had done it. For this reason I ex- pressed the opinion that he must have signed without reading the report. Colonel Taylor says he read it. I am sorry to hear it.
It is strange that the biographers and staff* officers who have charged the Gettysburg disaster to General Lee's ignorance of the enemy's movements have ignored the letter from General Lee at Chambersburg to Ewell at Carlisle, dated 7:30 A. M., June 28, 1863, which refutes all they say, and proves that Gen- eral Lee knew perfectlv well where Hooker was. This letter is published in my book, on page 117.
General Lee's report says : "It was expected that as soon as the Federal army should cross the Potomac, General Stuart would give notice of its movements, and nothing having been heard from him since our entrance into Maryland, it was in- ferred that the enemy had not yet left Virginia.
'"Orders were therefore issued to move on to Harrisburg.
- * * The advance against Harrisburg was arrested by intel-
ligence received from a scout [spy] on the night of the 28th to the effect that the army of General Hooker had crossed the Poto- mac and was approaching the South Mountain." If General Lee had thought that Hooker was still in Virginia he would have marched directly to Washington and Baltimore. At least he ought to have done it.
ALL KNEW HOOKER'S MOVEMENTS.
I have proved in my book that the spy was only a ghost that