Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1871.djvu/445

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TRADE AND INDUSTRY.

all grandees of Spain ; 722 marquises, of whom 54 grandees counts, of whom 59 grandees ; 74 viscounts; and 67 barons.

409 558

Trade and Industry.

The total imports of Spain, including bullion and specie, averaged 20 millions sterling per annum, within the five years 1865-69, while the exports, within the same period, averaged 12 millions sterling. Among the importing countries, France stands first, and the United Kingdom second ; but in exports, the latter holds the first rank.

The commercial intercourse between Spain and the United King- dom is shown in the subjoined tabular statement, which gives the total value of the exports of Spain to Great Britain and Ireland, and of the imports of British and Irish produce into Spain, in each of the ten years 1860 to 1869 :—

Exports from Spain to

Imports of British Home

Great Britain

Produce into Spain

1860

3,991,730

& 2,471,447

1S61

4,458,373

2,919,501

1862

3,766,437

2,862.261

1863

4,844,324

3.508,556

1864

5,879,705

3,084,778

I860

4,769,277

2,354,967

1866

5,553,132

2,336,903

1867

6,088,318

2,237,962

1868

6,591,021

2,208,892

1869

6,346,741

2,204,115

Both the exports and imports of the preceding table include those of the Balearic Islands, but not of the Canary Islands and other possessions of Spain. The principal article of export from Spain to the United Kingdom is wine, the value of which was 2,348,714/. in the year 1869. In 1868, it was 2,342,887/., against 2,229,101/. in 1867 ; 1,959,675/. in 1866 ; 1,539,047/. in 1865 ; and 2,879,592/. in 1864. The chief British imports into Spain are linen yarn and linens, to the value of 714,563/. in 1869; iron, wrought and un- wrought, to the value of 273,989/., and coals, to the value of 210,275/. in 1869.

The mineral as well as the agricultural riches of Spain are very great, but neither of these two sources of national wealth are as yet- developed. Much progress, however, has become manifest within the last ten years. In the year 1863, there were 1,991 mines worked in Spain, which produced the following quantities of metals and minerals : —