PRODUCTION AND INDUSTRY
Number of male peasants who redeemed the land with State help
Number of acres redeemed
Value of the land, in roubles .
Average price of the allotment
Average size of allotment, in acres
Average price of the acre
Average former debt of the landowner to the State mortgage bank, per allotment
Average sum paid to the landlord, per allot- ment ........
6,641,836 61,575,821 704,018,004 106r. Oc.
9-4 llr. 43c.
2,516,919 25,517,788 162,506,668 64r. 57c.
100 6r. 37c.
Moreover, 109,791 Iwiseholders redeemedtheir allotments (2,100,000 acres), for the sum of 24,349,890 rouliles, in South Russia and the Western Pro- vinces, according to the laws of 1868-88, which recognise private ownership of land.
In accordance with a new law, of December 26, ISO.*?, the jieasants' allotments are recog- nised in European Russia proper (exclusive of Poland and the Balticprovinces), the property of the peasant communities, whether redeemed or not. They cannot be sold by the commu- nity otherwise than in virtue of a decision taken by a majority of two-tliirds of the commu- nity : householders, approved by the Provincial Peasants' Institutions if under 500 roubles of value, and by the Ministers of Interior and Finance if above that value. The allot- ments redeemed' individually by separate householders under previous laws, can be trans- mitted, or sold for redemption arrears, only to persons belonging to the peasant commu- nities. The communities allotments can be mortgaged no more, even after redemption money having been paid in full. No separate householder can personally redeem liis allotment without the approval of the mir.
In Central Russia 66 per cent, of the arable land is under crops ; in South Russia 78 per cent. ; in North and in South-east Russia 10 per cent. ; and in Astrakhan only 8 per cent. In 1896, the areas under crops were : —
— 1 Acres
North Caucasia .
Russian Empire^ .
Crops. — The cereal crops of Russia (exclusive of Finland) for the last six years are seen from the following, in thousands of quarters for all sorts of grain, and in thousands of tons for potatoes : —
3 p 2