RUSSIA : — FINLAND
Military AttacM. — Colonel Yermololf.
Naval Attache — Captain Ouspensky.
Coiisid-General. — Baron Ungern-Steniberg.
Russia has also vice consuls at Aberdeen, Belfast, Bristol, Cardiff, Cork, Dublin, Dundee, Glasgow, Hull (C), Leitli, Liverpool (C), Newcastle (C), Plymouth, Southampton, Swansea, &c.
2. Of Great Britain in Russia.
Ambassador. — Right Hon. Sir Charles S. Scott, appointed to St. Peters- burg, July 1, 1898.
Secretary of Emhassij. — Hon. C. Hardinge, C.B.
Military Attaclii.—Lt. -Col. W. H. Waters, R.A.
Consul-General and Translator. — J. Michell.
There are also British vice-consuls at Abo, Archangel, Batum (C), Berdiansk, Bjorneborg, Cronstadt, Helsingfors, Kieff (C), Kertch, Moscow (C), Nicolaietf, Odessa (C. G.), Poti, Revel, Riga (C), Sebastopol, Taganrog (C), Warsaw (C. G.).
The Government of Finland and her relations to the Empire have been described under the heading of Local Government, and its area and population are given with the area and population of the Russian provinces. Of the total area 11*15 per cent, is under lakes. According to a law of August 14, 1890, the circulation of Russian paper roubles and silver money has been rendered obligatory. The penal code, elaborated by the Senate, which had to be promulgated on January 1, 1891, has been stopped by the Russian Government till further notice. In 1891 the postal administration of Finland was subjected to the Russian Ministry of Interior.
The gradual increase of the population is seen from the following : —
1830 1870 1890 1895
76,489 131,603 235,227 272,415
1,295,588 1,637,166 2,144,913 2,248,022
663,621 • 860,425 1,171,541 1,243,851
In 1895 the population was estimated to consist of 2,169,000 Finns, 341,500 Swedes, 7,000 Russians, 1,790 Germans, 1,150 Laps.
Of the total population there were at end of 1895 : — Lutherans, 2,473,441; Greek Orthodox and raskolniks, 46,509 ; Roman Catliolics, 487.
The chief towns, with population, of Finland are : — Helsingfors (witli Sveaborg), 69,025 ; Abo, 33,077 ; Tammerfors, 23,237 ; Wiborg, 22,344 ; Ule&- borg, 13,383 ; Bjorneborg, 10,813 ; Nikolaistad (Wasa), 11,372 ; Kuopio, 9,334.
The movement of the population in five years was as follows ; —