Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1394

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1038
SWEDEN AND NORWAY:—SWEDEN

Shipping and Navigation.

The Swedish mercantile marine engaged both in the home and foreign trade on January 1, 1897, was as follows:—

Sailing Steam. Total
No. Tonnage No. Tonnage No. Tonnage
20-100 tons 1,200 60,443 269 13,498 1,469 73,941
100-500 ,, 733 171,667 349 74,007 1,082 245,674
500-1,000 ,, 70 46,947 105 74,335 175 121,282
Above 1,000 tons 10 11,798 33 44,124 43 55,922
Total 2,013 290,855 756 205,964 2,769 496,819


The port of Göteborg had the largest shipping in 1896—namely, 206 vessels of 82,702 tons; and next to it came Stockholm, possessing 194 vessels of a total burthen of 60,411 tons.

Vessels entered and cleared with cargoes and in ballast in 1896, as follows:—

With Cargoes In Ballast Total
No. Tonnage No. Tonnage No. Tonnage
Entered:
Swedish 7,971 1,415,929 7,876 874,009 15,847 2,289,938
Foreign 4,302 1,290,228 12,592 3,471,258 16,894 4,761,486
Total entered 12,273 2,706,157 20,468 4,345,267 32,741 7,051,424
Cleared:
Swedish 11,613 2,041,693 4,271 288,051 15,884 2,329,744
Foreign 9,698 3,149,453 7,263 1,589,183 16,961 4,738,636
Total cleared 21,311 5,191,146 11,534 1,877,234 32,845 7,068,380
Total entered & cleared 1896 33,584 7,897,303 32,002 6,222,501 65,586 14,119,804
,, ,, ,, 1895 31,125 7,897,303 28,271 5,070,350 59,396 12,383,747
,, ,, ,, 1894 31,957 7,313,397 28,154 4,945,345 60,111 12,689,093

Internal Communications.

In 1896 88,734 ships and boats passed through the canals of Sweden.

At the end of 1897 the total length of railways in Sweden was 6,350 miles, which 2,283 miles belonged to the State. The receipts in 1896 were 65,097,537 kronor, and expenses 36,471,958 kronor. The total cost of construction for the State railways to the end of 1896 was 324,060,946 kronor, and for private railways 310,374,351 kronor. The total number of passengers on the State railways in 1896 was 7,728,919; weight of goods carried on State railways, 4,968,360 tons; private railways 11,364,837 tons of goods, and 12,630,720 passengers.

The length of all the telegraph lines at the end of 1896 was 8,281 miles, and of wires 25,578 miles. Of the lines, 5,398 miles, and of the wire, 15,416 miles belonged to the State telegraph, and the remainder to the railways. There were 1,425 telegraph offices. The number of despatches sent in the year 1896 was 2,213,444, including 258,508 in transit. In 1896 there were 64,895 miles of wire and 49,411 instruments employed in the telephone service.

The Swedish Post Office carried 182,923,354 letters, post-cards, journals, &c., in the year 1896. The number of post-offices at the end of the year was 2,595. The total receipts of the Post Office in 1896 amounted to 9,035 371