Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/1400

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1044
SWEDEN AND NORWAY:—NORWAY


II. Movement of the Population.

1. Births, Deaths, and Marriages.
Year Marrages Births
(exc.
stillborn)
Stillborn Illegitimate,
living
Deaths
(exc.
stillborn)
Excess
of Births
1892 12,742 59,430 1,707 4,266 35,769 23,661
1893 12,974 61,918 1,844 4,428 32,915 29,003
1894 12,966 60,450 1,719 4,332 34,355 26,095
1895 13,339 62,932 1,634 4,464 32,189 30,743
1896 13,962 63,308 1,632 4,598 31,574 31,734
2. Emigration.
Place of Destination 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897
United States 13,249 16,841 18,690 5,591 6,153 6,584 4,580
British North America 79 223 75 22 6 22 3
Other countries 13 12 13 29 48 73 86
Total 13,814 17,049 18,778 5,642 6,207 6,679 4,669

III. Principal Towns.

At the census taken January 1, 1891, the number of towns with a population of above 100,000 was one, above 20,000 four, above 10,000 five, above 5,000 nine. The population of the principal towns, January 1, 1891, was:—

Kristiania 151,239
(January 1, 1898) 203,337
Bergen 53,684
Trondhjem 29,162
Stavanger 23,899
Drammen 20,687
Kristiansand 12,813
Fredrikstad 12,451
Larvik 11,261
Fredrikshald 11,217
Kristiansund 10,381
Skien 8,979
Aalesand 8,406
Moss 8,051

Religion and Instruction.

The evangelical Lutheran religion is the national Church and the only one endowed by the State. Its clergy are nominated by the King. All other Christian sects (except Jesuits) as well as the Jews are tolerated, and free to exercise their religion within the limits prescribed by the law and public order. Ecclesiastically Norway is divided into 6 bishoprics, 83 Provstier (provostships, or archdeaconries), 478 Præstegjeld (clerical districts). In 1891 there were 30,685 dissenters, including 1,004 Roman Catholics, 8,187 Methodists, 4,228 Baptists, 348 Mormons, 231 Quakers.

Education is compulsory, the school age being from six and a half in towns and seven in the country to fourteen. In 1894 (the latest date for which