There were within the scope of the Service 402 disasters to documented vessels, having on board 3113 persons, of whom only 12 were lost. The estimated value of the vessels was $5,861,320, and that of the cargoes $1,307,070, making the aggregate value of property imperilled $7,168,390. Of this amount, $6,410,630 was saved and $757,860 lost. The number of vessels totally lost was 59.
The number of disasters to undocumented craft, comprising sailboats, rowboats, scows, etc., was 365, involving 874 persons, 10 of whom perished. The value of property involved is estimated at $199,705, of which amount $177,825 was saved and $21,880 lost.
The following statement shows the aggregate number of disasters and their results:
|Total number of disasters||767|
|Total value of property involved||$7,368,095|
|Total value of property saved||$6,588,355|
|Total value of property lost||$779,740|
|Total number of persons involved||3,987|
|Total number of persons lost||22|
|Total number of persons succored at stations||663|
|Total number of days' succor afforded||1,328|
|Number of vessels totally lost||59|
The total number of disasters during the year was much larger than appears in the records of any former year. It is noted, however, that the loss of life was only 22, as against 53 during the year 1897, when the total number of disasters was not nearly so great, and is considerably less in proportion to the number of disasters in any previous year.
The net expenditure for the maintenance of the Service for the fiscal year was $1,497,676.35.
The following is a general summary of the statistics of the Service from the introduction of the present system in 1871 to the close of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1898:
|Total number disasters||10,448|
|Total value of vessels||$113,346,275|
|Total value of cargoes||$47,839,149|
|Total value of property involved||$161,185,424|
|Total value of property saved||$125,630,262|
|Total value of property lost||$35,555,162|
|Total number of persons involved||81,245|
|Total number of lives lost||845|
|Total number of persons succored||13,876|
|Total number of days' succor afforded||35,199|
The growth of the railway system of the United States dates from 1827, when the first line was opened for traffic at Quincy, Mass. According to Poor's Railroad Manual, the extent of railways in operation in 1830 was 23 miles; it rose to 2818 miles in 1840; to 9021 miles in 1850; to 30,626 miles in 1860; to 52,022 miles in 1870; to 93,296 miles in 1880; to 166,698 milesin 1890; and 182,600 in 1896.