Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/846

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490

DENMARK

Scandinavian ; in 1890, of the inhabitants of Denmark proi)er,

96*67 per cent, were born in Denmark, 0*06 per cent, were born

in the Colonies, 0*16 per cent, in Norway, 1*56 per cent, in

Sweden, 0'96 per cent, in Sleswig, 0'47 per cent, in other parts

of Germany, and 0'12 per cent, in other foreign countries. The

foreign-born population was thus 3-27 per cent, of the whole.

According to occupation the population of Denmark in 1890 was classified thus : —

Royal Family

16

Day labourers and

no fixed

Immaterial production

... 135,790

occupation

207,595

Railways, posts,

&c.

... 26,644

Pensioners . . .

57,999

Agriculture ...

... 882,336

Capitalists . . .

34,974

Industry

... 534,428

Blind, deaf, &c.

3,753

Commerce . . .

... 172,929

Public paupers

39,014

Land transport

... 16,086

In prisons ...

1,822

Navigation ...

.. 26,082

Fishing

... 32,912

Total ..

2,172,380

The population of the capital, Copenhagen (Kjobenhavn), in 1890, was 312,859, or with suburbs, 375,251 ; Aarhus, 33,308 ; Odense, 30,277 ; Aal- borg, 19,503 ; Horsens, 17,290 ; Randers, 16,617.

The following table gives the total number of births, deaths, and marriages, with the surplus of births over deaths, in five years : —

Of the births 10 per cent, were illegitimate.

Emigrants, chiefly to the United States, 9,150 in 1893 ; 4,105 in 1894 ; 3,607 in 1895 ; 2,876 in 1896 ; 2,260 in 1897.

Religion.

The established religion ot Denmark is the Lutheran, which was intro- duced as early as 1536, the Church revenue being at that time seized by the Crown, to l)c delivered up to the university and other religious and educational establishments. The affairs of the National Church arc under the superin- tendence of seven l)ishops. The bishops have no political character. Com- plete religious toleration is extended to every sect, and no civil disabilities attach to Di.s.scnters. In 1885 there were 1,353 clergymen.

According to tlie census of 1890, there were only 33,851 persons, or 1'5 per cent, of the population, not belonging to the National Church. Of this number 10,624 belonged to other Lutheran denominations, 4,080 were Jew.s, 4,556 Anabaptists, 3,647 Roman Catholics, 2,609 Irvingites, 2,301 Methodists, 1,252 belonged to the German or French Reformed Clinrch, 1,281 other Christians, 941 JMormons, and 2,560 of no confossion.

Instruction.

Elementary education has Iteen widely dill'u.sed in Denmark since the beginning of this century, and in 1814 it was made compulsory. The school