Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1899 American Edition.djvu/961

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INTERNAL COMMUNICATIONS

605

Years

Total Length,

in English

miles

Total Capital, in 1,000 marks

Expenditure (1,000 marks)

Receipts (1,000 marks)

Percentage on Capital of Surplus

1892-93 1893-94 1894-95 1895-96 1896-97

27,439 27,851 28,237 28,882 29,461

10,917,237 11,105,722 11,260,120 11,481,738 11,680,193

862,267 863,309 864,775 856,722 889,053

1,353,083 1,413,523 1,416,951 1,504,375 1,595,242

4-50 4-95 4-90 5-64 6-05

Certain lines not open to public traffic, which in 1896-97 measured 2,012 miles, are not included in the above figures. In 1896-97 270,628,000 metric tons of goods, including live cattle, were carried by German railways, and paid 1,041,790,000 marks. The number of passengers conveyed in 1896-97 was 646,461,000,^ yielding 428,142,000 marks. In these numbers narrow-gauge lines are not included.

1 Besides 175,000 soldiers not paid for.

II. Canals and Navigations.

At the end of 1897 the canals and inland navigations of Germany Avere as follows : —

Nature of Waterway

Length navigable for vessels of draught

Total length

j 5ft. 9in. 4ft. llin.

3ft. Sin.

2ft. 6in.

Under 2ft. 6in.

Navigable rivers Canalised rivers Canals

miles

986

44

90

61

miles

1,494

208

171

miles

2,484

983

981

miles

238

104

30

miles

629

31

120

miles^ 5,831 1,371 1,391

61 8,654

Kaiser Wilhelm CanaP

Totals

1,181

1,873

4,448

372

780

1 The Kaiser Wilhelm canal, connecting the North Sea and the Baltic, was begun June 3, 1887, and opened for traffic June 19, 1895. Its breadth at the bottom is 72 ft., and at the surface 213 ft. ; depth 29 ft. in. The cost of con.struction was estimated at 7,8O0,000Z.

III. Posts and Telegraphs.

The postal and telegraphic services in Bavaria and Wiirttemberg are re- tained in the hands of their respective Governments ; but all other parts of the Empire are united to form an imperial postal district (Eeich.'tpostgebiet). The following table shows the number of employes and offices of the post and telegraph services for the year 1897 :—