Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1913.djvu/1396

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1274
SWEDEN


I. Movement of the Population.

1. Births, Deaths, and Marriages.
Year Total living
Births
Of which
Illegitimate
Stillborn Marriages Deaths
exclusive of
Stillborn
Surplus of
Births over
Deaths
1906 136,620 17,557 3,449 32,583 76,366 60,254
1907 136,793 17,942 3,537 33,251 78,149 58,644
1908 138,874 18,595 3,435 33,084 80,568 58,306
1909 139,505 19,496 3,482 32,546 74,538 64,067
1910 135,625 19,322 3,351 33,162 77,212 58,413
1911[1] 131,997 32,533 76,354 55,643
  1. Provisional.
2. Emigration.
Year Immigrants Total
Emigrants
To U. S. of
America
1906 9,581 24,704 21,242
1907 8,913 22,978 19,325
1908 9,818 12,490 8,873
1909 8,071 21,002 18,331
1910 8,142 27,816 23,529
1911 7,752 19,997 15,571

III. Principal Towns.

In 1870 the town population numbered only 539,649, and in 1911, 1,412,521, showing an increase of 162 per cent., or nearly five times the rate of the general average of the Kingdom.

Towns over 10,000 inhabitants at the end of 1911:—

Stockholm 346,599
Göteborg 170,606
Malmö 89,719
Norrköping 46,629
Gäfle 35,719
Hälsingborg 33,225
Örebro 31,066
Eskilstuna 28,485
Karlskrona 27,496
Jönköping 27,226
Uppsala 26,580
Linköping 23,021
Borås 21,907
Lund 20,340
Västerås 19,803
Halmstad 18,207
Karlstad 17,728
Sundsvall 16,894
Landskrona 16,265
Kalmar 15,722
Uddevalla 12,736
Kristianstad 11,704
Falun 11,691
Ystad 11,459
Söderhamn 11,439
Södertälge 11,271
Västervik 10,161
Trälleborg 10,138
Vyköping 10,137
Visby 10,022

Religion and Instruction.

The mass of the population adhere to the Lutheran Protestant Church, recognised as the State religion. There are 13 bishoprics (Uppsala being the metropolitan see), and 2,573 parishes in 1911. At the census of 1900, the number of 'Evangelical Lutherans' was returned at 5,072,792, the Protestant Dissenters, Baptists, Methodists, and others numbenng 56,844, Of other creeds, there were 2,378 Roman Catholics (under a Vicar Apostolic resident at Stockholm), 44 Greek-Catholics, 365 Irvingites, 3,912 Jews and 51 Mormons. No civil disabilities attach to those not of the national religion. The clergy are chiefly supported from the parishes and the proceeds of the Church lands.

The Kingdom has two universities, at Uppsala and Lund, the former frequented by 2,295 and the latter by 1,233 students in the autumn of 1911. There are also a state faculty of medicine in Stockholm (330 students) and private universities in Stockholm (philosophical and law faculties