I. Movement of the Population.
1. Births, Deaths, and Marriages.
|Year|| Total living
| Of which
| Surplus of|
| To U. S. of|
III. Principal Towns.
In 1870 the town population numbered only 539,649, and in 1911, 1,412,521, showing an increase of 162 per cent., or nearly five times the rate of the general average of the Kingdom.
Towns over 10,000 inhabitants at the end of 1911:—
Religion and Instruction.
The mass of the population adhere to the Lutheran Protestant Church, recognised as the State religion. There are 13 bishoprics (Uppsala being the metropolitan see), and 2,573 parishes in 1911. At the census of 1900, the number of 'Evangelical Lutherans' was returned at 5,072,792, the Protestant Dissenters, Baptists, Methodists, and others numbenng 56,844, Of other creeds, there were 2,378 Roman Catholics (under a Vicar Apostolic resident at Stockholm), 44 Greek-Catholics, 365 Irvingites, 3,912 Jews and 51 Mormons. No civil disabilities attach to those not of the national religion. The clergy are chiefly supported from the parishes and the proceeds of the Church lands.
The Kingdom has two universities, at Uppsala and Lund, the former frequented by 2,295 and the latter by 1,233 students in the autumn of 1911. There are also a state faculty of medicine in Stockholm (330 students)and private universities in Stockholm (philosophical and law faculties