Page:Statesman's Year-Book 1913.djvu/66

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THE STATESMAN'S YEAR-BOOK, 1913


Netherlands.

1890. Death of King William III; accession of Queen Wilhelmina (Queen-mother as regent).

1894. Insurrection in Lomhok (Netherlands India).

1895–1902. Insurrection in Sumatra (Achin).

1898. Coronation of the Queen.

1899. Marriage of the Queen to Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Norway [see Scandinavia below].

Portugal.

1864. Boundary treaty with Spain.

1889. Death of King Luis I; accession of King Carlos.

1889–90. Dispute with Great Britain over East African territories; submission of Portugal; agreement.

1904. Portuguese-Dutch boundary in Timor settled by treaty.

1908. Assassination of the King and Crown Prince; accession of King Manuel.

1910. Revolution and proclamation of republic.

Russia.

1863. Rising in Poland.

1864. End of war in the Caucasus.

1865. Turkestan created a province.

1866. Break with Pope owing to treatment of Polish clergy.
First trial by jury held.
War in Bokhara.

1867. Remains of Polish nationality abolislied by decree; amnesty for Poles; Russian-American territory (Alaska) sold to U.S.A.

1868. Samarkand taken.

1871. Conference for revision of Franco-Prussian treaty of 1856 which was not agreed to by Russia; Black Sea clauses deleted.

1873. Expeditions to Khiva, which surrendered.

1875. War with Khokand; Baltic provinces previously governed as province now brought under direct imperial administration.

1876. Khokand annexed.

1877. Russo-Turkish war.

1878. Peace of San Stefano; conference of European powers at Berlin; Balkh occupied; general disaffection towards government.

1879. Martial law established; expedition against Tekke Turkomans; various attempts to assassinate Czar Alexander II.

1880. Scheme for reform of the administration; many Nihilists executed.

1881. Czar assassinated; accession of Alexander III.
End of war with Tekke Turkomans; reforms promised; treaty with Persia.

1883. Finland granted almost complete autonomy.

1885. Russian attack on Afghans; Afghan boundary settled.

1890. Trans-Siberian railway authorised; completed 1899.

1894. Persecution in Lithuania; Imperial Committee of control subject to himself created by Czar; death of Czar; accession of Nicholas II.

1895. Russo-Persian boundary settled; agreement with England about Pamirs.

1898. Lease of Port Arthur granted by China.

1899. Severe measures against Jews; military service imposed on students; "Russification" in Finland.

1900. Banishment to Siberia much reduced; anti-Semitic riots.

1901. Famines; further student riots; great unrest and distress.

1903. Kishinev atrocities; risings against Jews; many riots.

1904. Strained relations with Japan; Russo-Japanese war; attack on Port Arthur; Battle of Liao-yang; Disturbances in Poland and elsewhere.

1905. Fall of Port Arthur; peace with Japan; riots and anarchy general; fighting between Tartars and Armenians; repressive measures; constitutional senate appointed in Finland, after serious disturbances.

1910. Russo-Japanese agreement.

Scandinavia (Norway and Sweden).

1872. Death of Charles XV, King of Sweden and Norway; accession of Oscar II.

1884. Crown Prince made Viceroy Norway.

1890–1905. Disagreements of Norway with Sweden on conditions of union.

1905. Union dissolved; kingdom of Norway recognised by Sweden after referendum and conference; Prince Charles of Denmark elected as King Haakon VII of Norway.

1907. Treaty guaranteeing integrity of Norway by Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia; death of King Oscar II of Sweden; accession of King Gustav V.

Spain.

1863. War in Santo Domingo.

1864. War with Peru (peace, 1866).

1865. Santo Domingo abandoned; war with Chile (ended 1866); military insurrection in Spain.

1868. Further insurrections; General Prim forms provisional government; flight of Queen Isabella II.