Banckaert, Reverend Julian, s.j., b. at Bruges, Belgium, 1847. Education: Seminary of Bruges. Ordained 1871; entered the Society of Jesus 1875; sent to Bengal as a missionary 1878; superior of the Bengal Mission 1893; sent to Congo Free State 1901; superior of the Kwango Mission 1902; prefect Apostolic of Kwango 1903; returned to Belgium 1911; at present, once more missionary in the Congo. Knight of the Royal Order of the Lion.
ARTICLE: Kwango, Prefecture Apostolic of.
Bandelier, Adolph Francis Alphonse, archæologist, b. at Berne, Switzerland, 6 August, 1840; d. in Madrid, Spain, 19 March, 1914. Came to the United States 1848; archæological work in Mexico and New Mexico 1880–1892; convert to the Catholic Church 1881; archæological work in South America, chiefly in Peru and Bolivia, 1892–1903; having returned to New York, engaged in works on the history and archæology of Spanish America, 1903– . Author of: "The Art of War and Mode of Warfare" (1877); "Tenure of Land and Inheritances of the Ancient Mexicans" (1878); "On the Social Organization and Mode of Government of the Ancient Mexicans"; "Historical Introduction to Studies among the Sedentary Indians of New Mexico"; "A Report on the Ruins of the Pueblo of Pecos, 1881"; "Archaeological Reconnaissance in Mexico" (1881); "Final Report of Investigations among the Indians of the Southwestern United States, 1880–85" (1890–92); "The Delight Makers" (novel of Pueblo life); "The Gilded Man and Other Pictures of the Spanish Occupancy of America" (1893).
ARTICLES: Abipones, Missions Among the; Acosta, Joaquín; Acosta, José De; Alaman, Lucas; Albuquerque, Alfonzo De; Alegre, Francisco Xavier; Altamirano, Diego Francisco; Alvarado, Alonzo De; Alvarado, Fray Francisco De; Alvarado, Pedro De; Alzate, José Antonio; America; Anazco, Pedro De; Angulo, Pedro; Anunciación, Fray Domingo De La; Anunciación, Fray Juan De La; Araucanian Indians; Arawaks; Arbieto, Iqnacio De; Arias de Avila, Pedro; Arlegui, Fray José; Armentia, Fray Nicolás; Arriaga, Pablo José; Arricivita, Juan; Atahualpa; Atahualpa, Juan Santos; Atienza, Juan De; Avendano, Fernando; Avila, Francisco De; Ayeta, Fray Francisco De; Aymará; Azara, Feliz De; Aztecs; Balboa, Vasco Nuñez De; Barba, Alvaro Alonzo; Barcena, Alonzo De; Barco Centenera, Martin Del; Barros, João de; Bautista, Fray Juan; Benavides, Fray Alonzo; Benzoni, Girolamo; Beristain y Martin de Souza, José Mariano; Berlanga, Fray Tomás De; Bertonio, Ludovico; Betanzos, Fray Domingo; Betanzos, Fray Pedro de; Betanzos, Juan De; Bolivia; Boturini Benaducci, Lorenzo; Brasseur de Bourbourg, Charles Etienne; Bravo, Francisco; Burgoa, Francisco; Bustamente, Carlos María; Cabello de Balboa, Miguel; Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez; Cabrillo, Estévan; Calancha, Fray Antonio De La; Camargo, Diego Muñoz; Cancer de Barbastro, Luis; Caribs; Carochi, Horacio; Carranza, Diego; Carrera, Rafael; Casas, Bartolomé De Las; Cassani, Joseph; Castellanos, Juan De; Cavo, Andres; Cepeda, Francisco; Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel De; Chibchas; Chile; Chimalpain, Domingo; Clavigero, Francisco Saverio; Cobo, Bernabé; Cogolludo, Diego López De; Colombia, Republic of; Columbus, Christopher; Condamine, Charles-Marie De La; Copacavana; Cordova, Juan De; Coronado, Francisco Vasquez De; Coronel, Juan; Cortés, Hernando; Costa Rica, Republic of; Dávila Padilla, Augustin; Ecuador, Republic of; Pedro de Cordova.
Bangha, Reverend Adalbert, s.j., d.d., b. at Neutra, Hungary, 16 November, 1880. Education: Colleges of Neutra, Kalocsa, and Nagyszombat; University of Innsbruck. Ordained 1909; professor of Latin and of Hungarian language and literature, Kalocsa College, Hungary, 1903–1906; at present editor of "Mária-kongregáció", Budapest. Member of the Catholic Philosophical Society of St. Thomas Aquinas, Budapest. Author of: "Jellemrajzok a katholikus egyház életéből" (Character Studies of Catholics) (Kalocsa, 1909); contributor of a number of articles in the domains of philosophy, asceticism, and literary criticism to various Hungarian publications.
ARTICLES: Hungarian Literature; Pázmány, Peter.
Barbieri, Right Reverend Remigio Guido, o.s.b., b. at Siena, Italy, 6 September, 1836, of a noble Florentine family; d. 15 April, 1910. Entered the Benedictine Order at an early age; ordained 1861; devoted the greater part of his life to the education of youth; abbot of San Pietro, Perugia, 1896; consecrated titular Bishop of Theodosiopolis at St. Paul's-Without-the-Walls, Rome, and named vicar Apostolic of Gibraltar, 1901.
Barnes, Very Reverend Monsignor Arthur Stapylton, m.a., b. at Kussouli, India, 31 May, 1861. Education: Eton; Woolwich; University College, Oxford. Lieutenant, Royal Field Artillery, 1877–79; successively Vicar at St. Ives, Hunts, near Cambridge; chaplain of the Hospital of St. Mary and St. Thomas, Ilford; convert to the Church, 1895; ordained 1898; engaged in parish work, diocese of Westminster; chaplain, Cambridge University, 1902– ; military chaplain, Cambridge Hospitals; at present also, chaplain, Oxford University; Lenten preacher. Church of Our Lady of Lourdes, New York City, 1917; maintains an orphanage for boys near London. Has devoted much time to historical and archæological research. Author of: "The Popes and the Ordinal" (1897); "St. Peter at Rome and His Tomb on the Vatican Hill" (1900); "The Man of the Iron Mask" (1908); contributor to various reviews.
ARTICLES: Counsels, Evangelical; Discipline of the Secret; Dolphin; Dove; Elvira, Council of; Eulogia; Glabrio, Manius Acilius; Lateran, St. John; Neophyte; Passion of Jesus Christ in the Four Gospels; Pilate, Pontius; Saint Peter, Tomb of; Sexburga, Saint; Wilfrid, Saint.
Barrett, Reverend Michael, o.s.b., writer, b. at Daventry, Northamptonshire, England, 1848. Convert to the Church 1870; professed in the Benedictine Order 1878; ordained 1883; at present rector, church of St. James, Buckie, Scotland. Author of: "Our Lady in the Liturgy"; "Scottish Monasteries of Old"; "Calendar of Scottish Saints"; "Rambles in Catholic Lands"; "Up in Ardmuirland"; etc.; contributor to: "Dublin Review"; "Tablet"; "American Cathohc Quarterly Review"; "Month"; "Irish Ecclesiastical Record"; "Catholic World"; "Ave Maria"; "Irish Monthly".
ARTICLES: Fort Augustus Abbey; Graham, Patrick; Hamilton, John; Melrose, Abbey of; Ogilvie, John, Venerable; Pluscarden Priory.
Barrett, Reverend Timothy, s.j., b. at Washington, D.C., 23 July, 1862. Education: St. Aloysius's School and Gonzaga College, Washington, D. C.; Jesuit scholasticates of Frederick, Woodstock (Maryland), and Innsbruck, Austria. Teacher of mathematics and the Classics, Boston College, 1883–1888; ordained 1891; professor of philosophy at Woodstock 1892–1895, 1896–1898; professor of moral theology, Woodstock, 1898–1914; spiritual director, Woodstock, 1914– . Editor of: Sabetti, "Compendium theologiæ Moralis", 17th and subsequent editions; contributor to: "The Messenger of the Sacred Heart" and of an article on Divorce (in answer to Bishop Doane of the Protestant Diocese of Albany) to the "American Catholic Quarterly".
ARTICLES: Bernal, Agostino; Busembaum, Hermann.
Barro, Firmin Fraga.
ARTICLE: Pinar del Rio.
Barry, Reverend Albert, c.ss.r., writer, b. at Cherry Grove, Croom, Co. Limerick, Ireland, 23 May, 1842, d. at Mt. St. Alphonsus, Limerick, 3 June, 1909. Education: St. Vincent's College, Castleknock; Maynooth College; Redemptorist scholasticate, Boulay, near Metz, Lorraine. Professed in the Redemptorist Order 1865; ordained 1869; passed most of his