Page:The Dictionary of Australasian Biography.djvu/249

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DICTIONARY OF AUSTRALASIAN BIOGRAPHY.

the strikers, to whose funds he contributed and promised to continue to contribute till the masters conceded a conference.

Hill, Henry John, J.P., is one of the Commissioners of the newly constituted Board of Railway Commissioners, South Australia.

Hindmarsh, Rear-Admiral Sir John, K.H., first Governor of South Australia, was born in 1786, and entered the navy when only seven years old, as a first-class volunteer on board the Bellerophon, in which ship, at the battle of the Nile, when but a midshipman, and happening to be the only officer on the quarter-deck at the time, he greatly distinguished himself by the presence of mind with which, by cutting her cable and ordering her sails to be set, he saved the Bellerophon from being blown up with the French ship L'Orient. In recognition of his services on that occasion the ship's officers presented him with a sword, and he was publicly thanked by Lord Nelson, who, in 1803, on assuming the command of the Victory, wrote to Hindmarsh to join him on that world-famous ship. Having become lieutenant, the latter served on the Phoebe at Trafalgar, at Aix Roads, and at the capture of the Ile de France and of Java, being made commander in 1814, post captain in 1830, and rear-admiral in 1856. He was placed in command of H.M.S. Buffalo, and made K.H. in 1836, in which year he was appointed first Governor of South Australia. Landing from the Buffalo at Glenelg on Dec. 28th in that year, he read the proclamation creating South Australia a British colony under an old gum-tree, which is still shown to visitors as the cradle of the province. The success which had attended Captain Hindmarsh (as he then was) in the naval service failed him in his new capacity in South Australia, where the differences which arose between himself and the resident Commissioner, the late Sir James Hurtle Fisher, had the effect of dividing the colonists into two factions, and rendering the pacific administration of the province impossible. In order to end the deadlock, the Home Government dismissed Sir James Fisher and recalled Captain Hindmarsh, who left the colony in July 1838. It is but just to him to state that one of the causes of his unpopularity was his far-seeing desire to open up the navigation of the Murray, a work which has since been accomplished with entire success and universal applause. Captain Hindmarsh, who was knighted in 1851, and received a good service pension, and a war medal with seven clasps for the seven great actions in which he had been engaged, was Governor of Heligoland from 1840 to 1857, and married Susannah Wilson, daughter of H. D. Edmeades. His only son, John Hindmarsh, was called to the bar at the Middle Temple in 1846, and subsequently practised in South Australia, where he resided. Sir John Hindmarsh died in 1859.

Hingston, James, the well-known writer of Melbourne, was born at London in 1830, and is the brother of E. P. Hingston, who edited Artemus Ward's writings, and introduced that eccentric genius to the American and English public. 'He went to Melbourne in 1852 and worked for a year on the diggings in Victoria. Since 1853 he has been in practice as a public notary and patent agent in Melbourne, and has been a prolific contributor to the local journals. His best-known productions are the series of articles entitled "Travel Talk" which appeared in the Melbourne Argus under the signature "J. H." Two volumes of selections from these articles were published in London by Sampson Low & Co. in 1879 and 1880 under the title of "The Australian Abroad," and a colonial edition in one volume was published in Melbourne in 1885.

Hislop, John, LL.D., F.R.S. Edin., son of Walter Hislop and Isabella his wife, was born at Pentland, Lasswade, Midlothian, in Dec. 1821, and was educated at Edinburgh. After acting as parish schoolmaster of Kirknewton, Midlothian, Dr. Hislop emigrated to Otago, N.Z., in 1856, under an engagement with the Otago Provincial Government After serving as a public school teacher for five years, he was appointed the first Secretary and Inspector of Schools under the Otago Education Board, and in 1869 he was requested to act as the first Secretary and Registrar of the newly founded University of Otago at Dunedin. He bore a principal part in building up the Otago educational system, which embraced primary and secondary schools, a school of art, a university, and public

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