Page:The Hessians and the other German auxiliaries of Great Britain in the revolutionary war.djvu/32

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THE HESSIANS.


much per man sent to America as the Duke of Brunswick. In addition to this, and outside of the treaty, the Landgrave insisted on the payment of an old claim, dating from the Seven Years' War, previously disallowed by England, and amounting to £41,820 14s. 5d. The treaties with the smaller states, Hesse-Hanau, Waldeck, Anspach-Bayreuth, and Anhalt-Zerbst did not differ in their main features from those already described. None of them were quite so favorable to the princes as the treaty with Cassel, none quite so favorable to England as that with Brunswick. The blood-money clause is found in those of Hanau and Waldeck, but not in that of Anspach.[1]

From time to time bargains were made with several of the princes above mentioned for small additional bodies of troops. Chasseurs or sharpshooters were especially in request. From year to year recruits were sent out to America to the various divisions. The sum total of men, according to Kapp, was made up as follows:

Brunswick sent 5,723
Hesse-Cassel sent 16,992
Hesse-Hanau sent 2,422
Anspach-Bayreuth sent  2,353
Waldeck sent 1,225
Anhalt-Zerbst sent 1,160

 Total 29,875

Of these, rather more than eighteen thousand sailed to America in 1776. Of this total of nearly thirty thousand men, twelve thousand five hundred and sixty-

  1. For the text of the treaties with Brunswick, Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Hanau, and Waldeck, see “Parliamentary Register,” 1st series, vol. iii.; for the treaty with Anspach, vol. vii.