RECORDS OF THE FEDERAL CONVENTION 509 Wednesday MADISON September $ revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives, and shall be subject to alterations and amendments by the Senate: No money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law." (4) Immediately before the last clause of Sect. I. art. 7- insert "To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases what~ soever over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may by Cession of particular States and the acceptance o� the Legislature become the seat of the Government of the U--S--3 and to exercise like authority over all places purchased for the erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, Dock-Yards, and other needful buildings" (5) "To promote the progress of Science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors & inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries" This report being taken up. -- The (x) clause was agreed to nero. con: To the (2) clause Mr. Gerry objected that it admitted of appropriations to an army. for two years instead of one, for which he could not conceive a reason-- that it implied there was to be a standing army which he inveighed against as dan- gerous to liberty, as unnecessary even for so great an extent of Country as this. and if necessary, some restriction on the number & duration ought to be provided: Nor was this a proper time for such an innovation. The people would not bear it. Mr Sherman remarked that the appropriations were per- mitted only, not required to be for two years. As the Legis- lature is to be biennally elected, it would be inconvenient to require appropriations to be for one year, as there might be no Session within the time necessary to renew them. He should himself he said like a reasonable restriction on the number and continuance of an army in time of peace. The clause (2). was agreed to hem: con: The (3)clause, Mr. Govr. Morris moved to postpone- It had been agreed to in the Committee on the ground of corn- See Appendix A, CCCVII.