Page:The slave trade of east Africa.djvu/33

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But while the necessity of thus facing the evil seems laid upon the Church Missionary Society, and a new field of labour opens up, calling for fresh exertion, for a new Mission, we are compelled to appeal to the friends of Missions in our Church for the funds necessary to the proper support of our vast existing agency. Let the answer be. How can the Church Missionary Society be silent to the cry from East Africa? If this cry has reached us, dare we stop our ears to it? Shall we cease to go forward? Shall we not rather, in the assurance that if God has called us to the work He will find the instruments and the means ready to hand, resolve to undertake a new Mission to the Eastern tribes of that Africa whose Western shores have witnessed the rise and establishment of a Church, many of whose members, once ransomed from the grasp of the slaver, are now free men in Christ Jesus.

We now come to the final division of our subject—the consideration of the ultimate remedy and final suppression of the Trade; and here we can do no more than urge measures, the adoption of which will, in the opinion of the best authorities, first suppress, and finally extinguish, the foreign Slave Trade. It is easily gathered from the official documents we have quoted, that the protected Slave Trade is carried on to a much greater extent than the status of domestic slavery in the Sultan's own dominions requires. And again, we have the statement of Mr. Frere, that if the Sultan would limit the importation of slaves to the actual requirements of his three islands, Zanzibar, Pemba, and Monfia, the Northern trade would be finally stopped. It would seem, perhaps, an extreme measure, but yet a safe one, if this concession were granted, to name certain ports between which alone the trade would be protected; as, for instance, within Zanzibar territory, Quiloa on the mainland, and Zanzibar, Pemba, and Monfia; and to grant to our cruisers the right of search over any vessels found outside the limits necessary for this passage. This, combined with a proper system of passes issued at Quiloa, would very soon put down the foreign Slave Trade, if a squadron sufficient to maintain an effective blockade were provided.

That some such, or even a stronger, measure was contemplated by our Government, appears from the despatch of Lord Russell, dated 14th March 1864. He says that it is the determination of Her Majesty's Government to suppress the foreign Slave Trade, and that, with this object, Colonel Pelly had been instructed to propose to the Sultan a Treaty engagement, to be incorporated with the existing Treaty, which should altogether prohibit the transport of slaves coastwise from one portion of his dominions to another. The despatch, however, instructs Colonel Playfair (Colonel Polly's successor) not to insist upon this new engagement if the measures adopted by the Sultan against the Northern Slave-trade were carried out in good faith, but adds, "You will not lose sight of this subject; and you will, should an opportunity offer, endeavour to induce His Highness to embody this concession in