Page:Transactions of the Geological Society, 1st series, vol. 4.djvu/306

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Mr. Webster discovered the pure alumine; we found however a large loose block containing this substance which filled cavities and veins in a mass of singular structure, composed of irregularly concentric thin layers of gypsum alternating with still thinner laminæ of ochreous iron ore. There were also small crystals of selenite in the same cavities with the alumine. The whole mass had strong marks of stalactitic origin, and was probably introduced into one of the cavities on the surface of the chalk by infiltration from the incumbent beds of marl, which abound in shells and iron pyrites, and contain all the elements from which the alumine, iron, and gypsum might be derived.

In this cliff of the Castle Hill at Newhaven the following section is presented, shewing beds of the plastic clay formation above the chalk.


Section of the Cattle Hill at Newhaven, commencing from the lowest bed.
No. Feet.
1. Chalk, containing alumine in hollows on its surface 50
2. Brescia of green sand and chalk flints, the latter covered with a ferruginous crust 1
3. Sand, varying from yellow to green and ash colour 20
4. Series of clay beds containing coaly matter, selenites and fibrous gypsum, also leaves of plants, and sulphur coloured clay 20
5. Foliated blue clay containing cerithia, and cyclades, and a few oysters 10
In this clay is a seam of iron pyrites about an inch thick with pyritical casts of cyclades and cerithia.