THE SOURCE OF THE NILE. 269
tions in which they were nrft obferved; others, not fo learn- ed, have thought they originated in Abyffinia. I mall fiid take notice of thofe that regard the king and court.
The kings of Perfia*, like thefc we are fpeaking of, were eligible in one family only, that of the Arfacidas, and it was not till that race failed they chofe Darius. The title of the king of Abyffinia is, King of Kings; and fuch Daniel f tells us was that of Nebuchadnezzar. The right of primogeniture does not fo prevail in Abyffinia as to exclude election in the perfon of the younger brothers, and this was likewife the cafe in Perlia \.
In Perfia§ a preference was underftood to be due to the king's lawful children ; but there were inftances of the na- tural child being preferred to the lawful one. Darius, tho* abaftard, was preferred to Ifogius, Xerxes's lawful fon, and that merely by the election of the people. The fame has always obtained in Abyffinia. A very great part of their kings are adulterous baftards ; others are the iiiiie of con*- cubines, as we ffraH fee hereafter, but they have been pre- ferred to the crown by the influence of a party, always un- der name of the Voice of the People.
Although the Perfian kings j| had various palaces to which they removed at different times in the year, Paiagar- da, the metropolis of their ancient kings, was obferved as
- Strabo, lib. xv. p. 783. Jofeph. lib. xviii. cap. 3. Procop. lib, i. de Bel Pers
•J- Dan. c a;., ii. J Prow;, lib. 1. cap. II. § Arrian, lib. ii. cap. 14. || Pin 1 in Artax, ii6. xv. p. 730.