Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 101 Part 3.djvu/130

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PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1987

101 STAT. 1428

PUBLIC LAW 100-204—DEC. 22, 1987

SEC. 1253. PROTECTION OF AMERICANS ENDANGERED BY THE APPEARANCE OF THEIR PLACE OF BIRTH ON THEIR PASSPORTS. Terrorism.

(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that some citizens of the United States may be specially endangered during a hijacking or other terrorist incident by the fact that their place of birth appears on their United States passports. OJ) DISCUSSIONS.—The Congress urges the President to enter into discussions with other countries regarding the feasibility of a general agreement permitting the deletion of the place of birth as a required item of information on passports.

International organizations. Japan. Federal Republic of Germany.

SEC. 1254. SUPPORT OF MUTUAL DEFENSE ALLIANCES.

(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings: (1) Japan, the member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty .^ Organization (NATO), and other countries rely heavily on the ,7, United States to protect their national security under mutueil >^; defense alliances. (2) The United States spends tens of billions of dollars annually to assist in the defense of allies of the United States. (3) The financial burden of mutual defense assumed by many NATO allies and particularly Japan is not commensurate with their economic resources, and, as a result, the United States bears a disproportionately large share of the financial burden of - - supporting such mutual defense. (4) While the United States is currently spending 6.5 percent of its gross national product on defense, our NATO allies spend an average of 3.5 percent of their gross national products on defense and Japan spends only 1.0 percent of its gross national product on defense. (5) United States allies, particularly West Germany and j; Japan, have derived tremendous economic benefit from the free trade system among the Western countries, accumulating in certain cases large payments surpluses, while protected through military alliances to which the United States has made an overwhelming commitment of resources. (6) The greatest weakness in the ability of the United States ,ft; to sustain the mutual defense of the United States and its allies is not the military capability of the United States, but rather the economic vulnerability of the United States. (7) The Federal budget deficit must be reduced in order to revitalize the economy. (8) The continued unwillingness of the allies of the United States to increase their contributions to the common defense to more appropriate levels could weaken the long-term vitality, effectiveness, and cohesion of the alliances between those countries and the United States. (b) PoiJCY.—It is the sense of the Congress that— ! (1) the President should enter into discussions with countries which participate in mutual defense alliances with the United States, especially the member nations of NATO and Japan, for the purpose of reaching an agreement on a more equitable distribution of the burden of financial support for the alliances; (2) the objective of such discussions with the member nations r of NATO and Japan should be to establish a schedule of increases in defense spending by our NATO allies and Japan or a system of offsetting payments that is designed to achieve, to the maximum practicable extent, a division of responsibility for