Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 101 Part 3.djvu/180

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PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1987

101 STAT. 1478

PUBLIC LAW 100-220—DEC. 29, 1987 (2) DRIFTNET FiSHiNG.~The term "driftnet fishing" means a fish-harvesting method in which a driftnet is placed in water and allowed to drift with the currents and winds for the purpose of entangling fish in the webbing. (3) EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OF THE UNITED STATES.—The

term "exclusive economic zone of the United States" means the zone defined in section 3(6) of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1802(b)). (4) MARINE RESOURCES.—The term "marine resources" includes fish, shellfish, marine mammals, seabirds, and other forms of marine life or waterfowl. (5) MARINE RESOURCES OF THE UNITED STATES.—The term "marine resources of the United States" means— (A) marine resources found in, or which breed within, areas subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, including the exclusive economic zone of the United States; and (B) species of fish, wherever found, that spawn in the fresh or estuarine waters of the United States. (6) SECRETARY.—The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Commerce. International agreements.

SEC. 4004. MONITORING AGREEMENTS.

(a) NEGOTIATIONS.—The Secretary, through the Secretary of State and in consultation with the Secretary of the Interior, shall immediately initiate, negotiations with each foreign government that conducts, or authorizes its nationals to conduct, driftnet fishing that results in the taking of marine resources of the United States in waters of the North Pacific Ocean outside of the exclusive economic zone and territorial sea of any nation, for the purpose of entering into Eigreements for statistically reliable cooperative monitoring and assessment of the numbers of marine resources of the United States killed and retrieved, discarded, or lost by the foreign government's driftnet fishing vessels. Such agreements shall provide for— (1) the use of a sufficient number of vessels from which scientists of the United States and the foreign governments may observe and gather statistically reliable information; and (2) appropriate methods for sharing equally the costs associated with such activities. (b) REPORT.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall provide to the Congress not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act a full report on the results of negotiations under this section. SEC. 4005. IMPACT REPORT.

(a) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall provide to the Congress within 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and at such other times thereafter as the Secretary considers appropriate, a report identifying the nature, extent, and effects of driftnet fishing in waters of the North Pacific Ocean on marine resources of the United States. The report shall include the best available information on— Maritime affairs. (1) the number and flag state of vessels involved; (2) the areas fished; (3) the length, width, and mesh size of driftnets used; (4) the number of marine resources of the United States killed by such fishing; ,... _; _