PUBLIC LAW 102-240—DEC. 18, 1991 105 STAT. 1957 urbanized within the 20-year forecast period and may encompass the entire metropolitan statistical area or consolidated metropolitan statistical area, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For areas designated as nonattainment areas for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act, the boundaries of the metropolitan area shall at least include the boundaries of the nonattainment area, except as otherwise provided by agreement between the metropolitan planning organization and the Governor. " (d) COORDINATION IN MULTISTATE AREAS.— "(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall establish such requirements as the Secretary considers appropriate to encourage Governors and metropolitan planning organizations with responsibility for a portion of a multi-State metropolitan area to provide coordinated transportation planning for the entire metropolitan area. "(2) COMPACTS.—The consent of Congress is hereby given to any 2 or more States to enter into agreements or compacts, not in conflict with any law of the United States, for cooperative efforts and mutual assistance in support of activities authorized under this section as such activities pertain to interstate areas and localities within such States and to establish such agencies, joint or otherwise, as such States may deem desirable for making such agreements and compacts effective. "(e) COORDINATION OF MPO'S.—I f more than 1 metropolitan planning organization has authority within a metropolitan area or an area which is designated as a nonattainment area for ozone or carbon monoxide under the Clean Air Act, each metropolitan planning organization shall consult with the other metropolitan planning organizations designated for such area and the State in the coordination of plans and programs required by this section. "(f) FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED. — In developing transportation plans and programs pursuant to this section, each metropolitan planning organization shall, at a minimum, consider the following: "(1) Preservation of existing transportation facilities and, where practical, ways to meet transportation needs by using existing transportation facilities more efficiently. "(2) The consistency of transportation planning with applicable Federal, State, and local energy conservation programs, goals, and objectives. "(3) The need to relieve congestion and prevent congestion from occurring where it does not yet occur. "(4) The likely effect of transportation policy decisions on land use and development and the consistency of transportation plans and programs with the provisions of all applicable shortand long-term land use and development plans. "(5) The programming of expenditure on transportation enhancement activities as required in section 133. "(6) The effects of all transportation projects to be undertaken within the metropolitan area, without regard to whether such projects are publicly funded. "(7) International border crossings and access to ports, airports, intermodal transportation facilities, major freight distribution routes, national parks, recreation areas, monuments and historic sites, and military installations. "(8) The need for connectivity of roads within the metropolitan area with roads outside the metropolitan area.