PUBLIC LAW 105-185^JUNE 23, 1998 112 STAT. 555 "(C) conducting information workshops to disseminate the results of the research. "(2) WATER QUALITY AND AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS.— Research and extension greints may be made under this section for the purpose of investigating the impact on aquatic food webs, especially commercially important aquatic species and their habitats, of microorganisms of the genus Pfiesteria and other microorganisms that are a threat to human or animal health. "(3) RURAL AND URBAN INTERFACE. —Research and extension grants may be made under this section for the purpose of identifying, evaluating, and demonstrating innovative technologies to be used for animal waste management (including odor control) in rural areas adjacent to urbgm or suburban areas in connection with waste management activities undertaken in urban or suburban areas. "(4) ANIMAL FEED.—Research and extension grants may be made under this section for the purpose of maximizing nutrition management for livestock, while limiting risks, such as mineral bypass, associated with livestock feeding practices. "(5) ALTERNATIVE USES OF ANIMAL WASTE.— Research and extension grants may be made under this section for the purpose of finding innovative methods and technologies for economic use or disposal of animal waste. "(g) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRL^TIONS. —T here are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary to carry out this section for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2002.". SEC. 244. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INI- TIATIVE. The Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 is amended by inserting after section 1672A (as added by section 243) the following: "SEC. 1672B. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AND EXTENSION INI- 7 USC 5925b. TIATIVE. " (a) COMPETITIVE SPECIALIZED RESEARCH AND EXTENSION GRANTS AUTHORIZED.—In consultation with the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board, the Secretary of Agriculture (referred to in this section as the 'Secretary') may make competitive grants to support research and extension activities regarding organically grown and processed agricultural commodities for the purposes of— "(1) facilitating the development of organic agriculture production and processing methods; "(2) evaluating the potential economic benefits to producers and processors who use organic methods; and "(3) exploring international trade opportunities for organically grown and processed agricultural commodities. "(b) GRANT TYPES AND PROCESS, PROHIBITION ON CONSTRUC- Applicability. TION. — Paragraphs (1), (6), (7), and (11) of subsection (b) of the Competitive, Special, and Facilities Research Grant Act (7 U.S.C. 450i) shall apply with respect to the making of grants under this section. "(c) MATCHING FUNDS REQUIRED. — "(1) IN GENERAL. — The Secretary shall require the recipient of a grant under this section to provide funds or in-kind support from non-Federal sources in an amount at least equal to the amount provided by the Federal Government.
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