Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 116 Part 3.djvu/363

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PUBLIC LAW 107-279—NOV. 5, 2002 116 STAT. 1955 (A) uses objective and measurable indicators, including timelines, that are used to assess the progress and results of such research; (B) meets the procedures for peer review established by the Director under section 114(f)(5) and the standards of research described in section 134; and (C) includes both basic research and applied research, which shall include research conducted through field-initiated research and ongoing research initiatives; (5) promote the use of scientifically valid research within the Federal Government, including active participation in interagency research projects described in section 118; (6) ensure that research conducted under the direction of the Research Center is relevant to education practice and policy; (7) synthesize and disseminate, through the National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, the findings and results of education research conducted or supported by the Research Center; (8) assist the Director in the preparation of a biennial report, as described in section 119; (9) carry out research on successful State and local education reform activities, including those that result in increased academic achievement and in closing the achievement gap, as approved by the Director; (10) carry out research initiatives regarding the impact of technology, including— (A) research into how technology affects student achievement; (B) long-term research into cognition and learning issues as they relate to the uses of technology; (C) rigorous, peer-reviewed, large-scale, long-term, and broadly applicable empirical research that is designed to determine which approaches to the use of technology are most effective and cost-efficient in practice and under what conditions; and (D) field-based research on how teachers implement technology and Internet-based resources in the classroom, including an understanding how these resources are being accessed, put to use, and the effectiveness of such resources; and (11) carry out research that is rigorous, peer-reviewed, and large scale to determine which methods of mathematics and science teaching are most effective, cost efficient, and able to be applied, duplicated, and scaled up for use in elementary and secondary classrooms, including in low-performing schools, to improve the teaching of, and student achievement in, mathematics and science as required under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.). (b) ELIGIBILITY. —Research carried out under subsection (a) through contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements shall be carried out only by recipients with the ability and capacity to conduct scientifically valid research. (c) NATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.— (1) SUPPORT. — In carrying out activities under subsection (a)(3), the Research Commissioner shall support not less than 8 national research and development centers. The Research