Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 116 Part 3.djvu/486

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116 STAT. 2078 PUBLIC LAW 107-295—NOV. 25, 2002 "(A) identifies any modifications necessary in funding to ensure the correction of Coast Guard identified vulnerabilities and ensure compliance with Area Maritime Transportation Security Plans and facility security plans; "(B) includes an assessment of progress in implementing the grant program established by subsection (a); "(C) includes any recommendations the Secretary may make to improve these programs; and "(D) with respect to a port selected by the Secretary of Transportation, describes progress and enhancements of applicable Area Maritime Transportation Security Plans and facility security plans and how the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002 has improved security at that port. "(h) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. —There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Transportation for each of fiscal years 2003 through 2008 such sums as are necessary to carry out subsections (a) through (g). "(i) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GRANTS FOR PORT SECU- RITY.— "(1) AUTHORITY.— The Secretary of Transportation is authorized to establish and administer a grant program for the support of research and development of technologies that can be used to secure the ports of the United States. The Secretary may award grants under the program to national laboratories, private nonprofit organizations, institutions of higher education, and other entities. The Secretary shall establish competitive procedures for awarding grants under the program and criteria for grant applications and eligibility. "(2) USE OF FUNDS. — Grants awarded pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be used to develop— "(A) methods to increase the ability of the Customs Service to inspect, or target for inspection, merchandise carried on any vessel that will arrive or has arrived at any port or place in the United States; "(B) equipment to accurately detect explosives, or chemical and biological agents, that could be used to commit terrorist acts against the United States; "(C) equipment to accurately detect nuclear materials, including scintillation-based detection equipment capable of attachment to spreaders to signal the presence of nuclear materials during the unloading of containers; "(D) improved tags and seals designed for use on shipping containers to track the transportation of the merchandise in such containers, including 'smart sensors' that are able to track a container throughout its entire supply chain, detect hazardous and radioactive materials within that container, and transmit such information to the appropriate authorities at a remote location; "(E) tools to mitigate the consequences of a terrorist act at a port of the United States, including a network of sensors to predict the dispersion of radiological, chemical, or biological agents that might be intentionally or accidentally released; or "(F) applications to apply existing technologies from other industries to increase overall port security. "(3) ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.—