Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/130

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CHINA, 1844. 123 ofncers for punishment. And if criminals, subjects of China, take refuge in the houses or ou board the vessels of citizens of the United Cbl°°°° °*`l '"*· States, they shall not be barbored or concealed, but shall be delivered mm' up to justice, on_ due requisition by the Chinese local officers addressed to those of the United States. The merchants, seamen, and other citizens of the United States shall Merchants, an., he under the superintendence of the appropriate officers of their Gov- °f Uuimd S*¤'·¢¤· ernment. If individuals of either nation commit acts of violence and disorder, use arms to the injury of others, or create disturbances endangering life, the officers of the two Governments will exert themselves to enforce order, and to maintain the public peace, by doing impartial justice in the premises. Anrrom XXX. The superior authorities of the United States and of China in corre- Correspondence spending together shall do so in terms of equality and in the form of b*=*W•>¤¤ thu two mutual communication, (chau-Maui.) The Consuls and the local officers, G°'"“"‘°“‘“· civil and military, in corresponding together shall likewise employ the style and form of mutual communication, (chawhwui.) When interior officers of the one Government address superior officers of the other, they shall do so in the style and form of memorial, (chin-chin.) Private individuals in addressing superior officers shall employ the style of petition, (pin-ching.) In no case shall any terms or style be sntfered which shall be offensive or disrespectful to either party. And it is MP‘{°'°"*3 “°* *° agreed that no presents, under any pretext or form whatever, shall °"""" °d' ever be demanded of the United States by China, or of China by the United States. Anrrcnn XXXL Communications from the Government of the United States to the Transmission nr Court of China shall be transmitted through the medium of the Imperial °°'”'¤““*°°·°'°"°· Commissioner charged with the superiutendence of the concerns of foreign nations with China., or through the Governor·General of the Liang Kwang, that of Min and Cheh, or that of the Liang Kiang. Aurxcm XXXII. Whenever hips of war of the United States in cruising for the pro- lutoruuurnn with tection of the commerce of their country shall arrive at any of the ports '*“P“ °‘ '“'· of China, the commanders of said ships and the superior local authorities of Government shall hold intercourse together in terms of equality and courtesy in token of the friendly relations of their respective nations. And the said ships of war shall enjoy all suitable facilities on the part of the Chinese Government in the purchase of provisions, procuring water, and making repairs if occasion require. Aurrcnn XXXIII. Citizens of the United States who shall attempt totrado clandestine] y 9 1 u n .1 eg t 1 n e with such of the ports of China as are not open to foreign commerce, or tr=¤1<>· who shall trade in opium or any other contraband article of merchandise, shall be subject to be dealt with by the Chinese Government without being entitled to any countenance or protection from that of the United States; and the United States will take measures to prevent their Hag from being abused by the subjects of other nations as a cover for the violation of the laws of the Empire. Anrrcuc XXXIV. When the present convention shall have been definitely concluded, it Futurc trcuti¤¤·· shall be obligatory on both powers, and its provisions shall not be