DENMARK, ism. 173 ARTICLE V1. The present convention shall be duly ratified by the high contracting Rntiiications. parties, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, in the space of ten months, or sooner if possible. In faith thereof, and in virtue of our respective full powers, we have Signatures. signed the present convention, and have thereunto set the seals of our arms. _ Done at Copenhagen, this 28th day of Ma rch, 1830. Date. HENRY WHEATON. sEAL.] E. H. SCHIMMELMANN. [SEAL.] STEMANN. [SEAL.] DENMARK, 1857. CONVENTION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND HIS Am.,] U 185-,_ MAJESTY THE KING OF DENMARK FOR THE DISOONTINUANOE 01·‘ THE i..; SOUND DUES, CONCLUDED AT WASHINGTON APRIL 11, 1857; RATIFICA-. TION ADVISED BY SENATE JANUARY s, wss; RATIFIED BY PRESIDENT JANUARY 1, Isis; RATIFICATIONS EXOHANGED AT WASHINGTON JAN- UARY 12, 1858; PROCLAIMED JANUARY 1::, 1858. The United States of America and His Majesty the King of Denmark, Contracting PM. being desirous to terminate amicably the diiierences which have arisen tics. between them in regard to the tolls levied by Denmark on American vessels and their cargoes passing through the Sound and Belts, and commonly called the Sound dues, have resolved to conclude a convention for that purpose, and have named as their Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: The President of the United States, Lewis Cass, Secretary of State of Negotiators. the United States, and His Majesty the King of Denmark, Torben Bille, Esquire, Knight of the Dannebrog, and decorated with the cross of honor of the same order, his said Majcsty’s Charge d’Affaires near the Government of the United States; Who, after having communicated to each other their full powers in due form, have agreed to and signed the following articles: Ancrrcnm I. His Majesty the King of Denmark declares entire freedom of the navi- smmd Ami mus gation of the Sound and the Belts in favor of American vessels and dues abolished. their cargoes, from and forever after the day when this convention shall go into effect as hereinafter provided. And it is hereby agreed that American vessels and their cargoes, after that day, shall not be subject to any charges whatever in passing the Sound or the Belts, or to any detention in the said waters, and both Governments will concur, if occasion should require it, in taking measures to proven . abuse of the free flag of the United States by the shipping of other nations which shall not have secured the same freedom and exemption from charges enjoyed by that of the United States. ARTICLE II. His Danish Majesty further engages that the passages of the Sound Ligli t ¤ Md and Belts shall continue to be lighted and buoyed as heretofore without ““°Y“· any charge upon American vessels or their cargoes on passing the Sound and the Belts, and that the present establishments of Danish pilots in these waters shall continue to be maintained by Denmark. His Danish Majesty agrees to make such additions and improvements in regard to the lights, buoys, and pilot establishments in these waters as circumstances and the increasing trade of the Baltic "may require. He further
Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/180
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