MEXICO, 1848. 495 nuls and make out plans of their operations· and the result agreed upon by them shall be deemed a part of this treaty, and shall have the same force as if it were inserted therein. The two Governments will amicably agree regarding what may be necessary to these persons and also as to their respective escorts, should such be necessary. i The boundary line estabhshed by this article shall be religiously re- Boundary uns m spected by each of the two republics, and no change shall ever be made be ¤¤¤P¤<=*·¤d- therein, except by the express and free consent of both nations, lawfully given by the General Government of each, in conformity with its own constitution. Anrmnn VI. The vessels and citizens of the United States shall, in all time, have Gulf or Califora free and uninterrupted passage·byThe Gulf of California, and by the “*" ‘“‘d '"°" 0**** river Colorado below its confluence with the Gila, to and from their "'d°` . possessions situated north of the boundary line defined in the preceding ,,[S°°} Ar°¥°k},g’ article; it being understood that this passage is to be by navigating the p. soggy 0 ' Gulf of California and the river Colorado, and not by land, without the ` express consent of the Mexican Government. If, by the examinations which may be made, it should be ascertained Road, canal, orto be practicable and advantageous to construct a road, canal, or rail- "*““'°Y °¤ *2*** way, which should in whole or in part run upon the river Gila, or upon légfaks °f nm ""' its right or its left bank, within the space of one marine league from ` either margin of the river, the Governments of both republics will form an agreement regarding its construction, in order that it may serve equally for the use and advantage of both countries. Anrrorn VIL The river Gila, and the part of the Rio Bravo del Norte lying below _ N ¤ V j r;¤*i¤¤ 9i' the southern boundary of New Mexico, being, agreeably to the fifth }`,""” GM ""“ R‘° article, divided in the middle between the two republics, the navigation A t. _, N of the Gila and of the Bravo below said boundary shall be free and ,,6,,,*,.; 1853* common to the vessels and citizens of both countries; and neither shall, p. 505.] ' without the consent of the other, construct any work that may impede or interrupt, in whole or in part, the exercise of this right; not even for the purpose of favoring new methods of navigation. Nor shall any Taxes and contax or contribution, under any denomination or title, be levied upon ¤‘il>¤¤i¤¤¤· vessels or persons navigating the same, or upon merchandise or effects transported thereon, except in the case of landing upon one of their - shores. If, for the purpose of making the said rivers navigable, or for maintaining them in such state, it should be necessary or advantageous to establish any tax or contribution, this shall not be done without the consent of both Governments. The stipulations contained in the present article slall not impair the territorial rights of either republic within its established limits. Aaricma: VIII. Mexicans now established in territories previously belonging to Rights or Mexi- Mexico, and which remain for the future within the limits of the United °i;¤¤,*¤ ·=·=*l°*l M- States, as defined by the present treaty, shall be free to continue where “ Aw _] V they now reside, or to remove at any time to the Mexican _Republ1c, www °,!° $,53; retaining the property which they possess in the said territories, or p_ 50;, j disposing thereof, and removing the proceeds wherever they please, without their being subjected, on this account, to any contribution, tax, or charge whatever. _ _ Those who shall prefer to remain in the said territories may either Election or citiretain tbe title and rights of Mexican citizens, or acquire those of cm- ¤¤¤¤1¤p· zens of the United States. But they shall be under the obligation to make their election within one year from the date of the exchange of
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