VENEZUELA, 1860. 891 vessels and effects, the same assistance which would be due to the inhabitants of the country where the accident happened; and they shall be liable to pay the same charges and dues of salvage as the said inhabitants would be liable to pay in a like case. lf the repairs which a stranded vessel may require shall render it neces- Repairs. sary that the whole or any part of her cargo should be unloaded, no duties of custom, charges, or fees on such cargo as may be carried away shall he paid, except such as are payable in like case by national vessels. It is understood, nevertheless, that if, while the vessel is under repair, the cargo shall be unladen and kept in a place of deposit destined for the reception of goods, the duties on which have not been paid, the cargo shall be liable to the charges and fees lawfully due to the keepers of such warehouses. Anrroms XII. It shall be lawful for the citizens of either country to sail with their Neutral trancships and merchandize (contraband goods always excepted) from any port whatever to any port of the enemy of the other, and to sail and trade with their ships and merchandize, with perfect security and liberty, from the countries, ports, and places of those who are enemies of either party, without any opposition or disturbance whatsoever, and to pass not only directly from the places and ports of the enemy aforementioned to neutral ports and places, but also from one place belonging to an enemy to another place belonging to an enemy, whether they be or be not under the jurisdiction of the same Power, unless such ports or places be effectively blockaded, besieged, or invested. And whereas it frequently happens that vessels sail for a port or Bi¤¤k¤<\¤•l 1><>¤‘¢¤ place belonging to an enemy without knowing that the same is either besieged, blockaded, or invested, it is agreed that every vessel so circumstanced may be turned away from such port or place, but she shall not be detained, nor any part of her cargo (if not contraband) be confiscated, unless, after notice of such blockade or investment, she shall again attempt at enter; but she shall be permitted to go to any other port or place she shall think proper, provided the same be not blockaded, besieged, or invested. Nor shall any vessel of either of the parties that may haveentered into such port or place before thesame was actually besieged, blockaded, or invested by the other, be restrained from quitting such place with her cargo; nor, if found therein after the reduction and snrrender of such place, shall such vessel or her cargo be liable to confiscation, but they shall be restored to the owners thereof. ARTICLE XIII. In order to regulate what shall be deemed contraband of war, there Contraband artishall be comprised_ under that denomination gunpowder, saltpetre, ¤l<>¤· petards, matches, balls, bombs, grenades, carcasses, pikes, halberds, swords, belts, pistols, holsters, cavalry saddles and furniture, cannons, mortars, their carriages and beds, and generally all kinds of arms, ammunition of war, and instruments fit for the use of troops. All the above articles, whenever they are destined to the port of an enemy, are hereby declared to be contraband, andjust objects of confiscation; but the vessel in which they are laden, and the residue of the cargo, shall be considered free, and not in any manner infected by the prohibited goods, whether belonging to the same or a different owner. Anrrcrn XIV. It is hereby stipulated that free ships shall give a freedom to goods, Frm ships make and that everything shall be deemed free and exempt which shall be f'°° ¤°°d“· found on board the ships belonging to the citizens of either of the contracting parties, although the whole lading, or any part thereof, should appertain to the enemies of either, contraband goods being always excepted. It is also agreed, in like manner, that the same liberty be it s rv-51
Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/808
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