574 into a plant for manufacturing, arms or ammunition, parts thereof, or necessary supplies for the Air Force, if the person or industry owning or operating the plant, or the responsible head thereof, refuses— (1) to give precedence to the order as prescribed in subsection (2) to manufacture the kind, quantity, or quality of arms or amjnunition, parts thereof, or necessary supplies as ordered by the Secretary; or (3) to furnish them at a reasonable price as determined by the Secretary. (d) The President, through the Secretary, may manufacture products that are needed in time of war or when war is imminent, in any plant that is seized under subsection (c). (e) Each person or industry from whom products or materials are ordered under subsection (a) is entitled to a fair and just compensation. Each person or industry whose plant is seized under subsection (c) is entitled to a fair and just rental. (f) Whoever fails to comply with this section shall be imprisoned for not more than three years and fined not more than $50,000. § 9502. Industrial mobilization: plants; lists; Board on Mobilization of Industries Essential for Military Preparedness (a) The Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a list of all privately owned plants in the United States, and the Territories, Commonwealths, and possessions, that are equipped to manufacture for the Air Force arms or ammunition, or parts thereof, and shall obtain complete information of the kinds of those products manufactured or capable of being manufactured by each of those plants, and of the equipment and capacity of each of those plants. (b) The Secretary shall maintain a list of privately owned plants in the United States, and the Territories, Commonwealths, and possessions, that are capable of being readily transformed into factories for the manufacture of ammunition for the Air Force, and that have a capacity sufficient to warrant conversion into ammunition plants in time of war or when war is imminent, and shall obtain complete information as to the equipment of each of those plants. (c) The Secretary shall prepare comprehensive plans for converting each plant listed pursuant to subsection (b) into a factory for the manufacture of ammunition or parts thereof. (d) The President may appoint a nonpartisan Board on Mobilization of Industries Essential for Military Preparedness, and may provide necessary clerical assistance to organize and coordinate operations under this section and section 9501 of this title. § 9503. Research and development programs The Secretary of the Air Force may conduct and participate in research and development programs relating to the Air Force, and may procure or contract for the use of facilities, supplies, and services that are needed for those programs. This section does not authorize the design or development of any prototype aircraft intended primarily for commercial use.