Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 81.djvu/138

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[81 STAT. 104]
[81 STAT. 104]
PUBLIC LAW 90-000—MMMM. DD, 1968

104

Conscientious objectors. 62 Stat. 612.

"Religious training and belief."

65 Stat. 7 8;

70A Stat. 630. 50 use app. 454.

622. 50 USC app. 462. R e gistr ants* counselors. 6 2 Stat 619. 6 2 Stat

Local boards membership.

Judicial review.

Post, p. 105.

•'Executive secretary."

PUBLIC LAW 90-40-JUNE 30, 1967

[81 STAT.

or any private institution, corporation, association, partnership, or individual employed by an agency or department of the Federal Government." (7) Section 6(j) (50 App. U.S.C. 456(j)) is amended to read as follows: " (j) Nothing contained in this title shall be construed to require any person to be subject to combatant training and service in the armed forces of the United States who, by reason of religious, training and belief, is conscientiously opposed to participation in war in any form. As used in this subsection, the term 'religious training and belief'does not include essentially political, sociological, or philosophical views, or a merely personal moral code. Any person claiming exemption from combatant training and service because of such conscientious objections whose claim is sustained by the local board shall, if he is inducted into the armed forces under this title, be assigned to noncombatant service as defined by the President, or shall, if he is found to be conscientiously opposed to participation in such noncombatant service, in lieu of such induction, be ordered by his local board, subject to such regulations as the President may prescribe, to perform for a period equal to the period prescribed in section 4(b) such civilian work contributing to the maintenance of the national health, safety, or interest as the local board pursuant to Presidential regulations may deem appropriate and any such person who knowingly fails or neglects to obey any such order from his local board shall be deemed, for the purposes of section 12 of this title, to have knowingly failed or neglected to perform a duty required of him under this title." (8) Section 10(b)(3) (50 App. U.S.C. 460(b)(3)) is amended by: (a) Inserting the following new proviso at the end of the first sentence thereof: ^'•Provided, That no person shall be disqualified from serving as a counselor to registrants, including service as Government appeal agent, because of his membership in a Reserve component of the Armed Forces." (b) Deleting the colon immediately preceding the first-proviso, substituting a period therefor and inserting the following: "No member shall serve on any local board or appeal board for more than twentyfive years, or after he has attained the age of seventy-five. No citizen shall be denied membership on any local board or appeal board on account of sex. The requirements outlined in the preceding two sentences shall be fully implemented and effective not later than January 1, 1968." (c) Inserting immediately before the last sentence thereof the following: "No judicial review shall be made of the classification or processing of any registrant by local boards, appeal boards, or the President, except as a defense to a criminal prosecution instituted under section 12 of this title, after the registrant has responded either affirmatively or negatively to an order to report for induction, or for civilian vvork in the case of a registrant determined to be opposed to participation in war in any form: Provided, That such review shall go to the question of the jurisdiction herein reserved to local boards, appeal boards, and the President only when there is no basis in fact for the classification assigned to such registrant." (9) Sections iq(b)(4) (50 App. U.S.C. 460(b)(4)) is amended by deleting the semicolon at the end of the paragraph, substituting a colon therefor, and adding the following: '•'-Provided further, That an employee of a local board having supervisory duties with respect to other employees of one or more local boards shall be designated as the 'executive secretary' of the local board or boards: And provided