PUBLIC LAW 93-189-DEC. 17, 1973 Public Law 93-189
December 17, 1973
To amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for other purposes.
Foreign Assistance Act of 1973.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Foreign Assistance Act of 1973". POLICY; DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE AUTHORIZATIONS
SEC. 2. Chapter 1 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is amended as follows: (1) In the chapter heading, immediately after "CHAPTER 1—POLICY", insert "; DEVJ:LOPMENT ASSISTANCE AUTHORIZATIONS".
81 sta^- 445• 22 USC 2151. no TTo^ n,r,
(2) In section 102— ^^^ insert"(a)"immediately after "STATEMENT or P O L I C Y. — "; and (B) add at the end thereof the following: "(b) The Congress further finds and declares that, with the help of United States economic assistance, progress has been made in creating a base for the economic progress of the less developed countries. At the same time, the conditions which shaped the United States foreign assistance program in the past have changed. While the United States must continue to seek increased cooperation and mutually beneficial relations with other nations, our relations with the less developed countries must be revised to reflect the new realities. I n restructuring our relationships with these countries, the President should place appropriate emphasis on the following criteria: "(1) Bilateral development aid should concentrate increasingly on sharing American technical expertise, farm commodities, and industrial goods to meet critical development problems, and less on largescale capital transfers, which when made should be in association with contributions from other industrialized countries working together in a multilateral framework. " (2) Future United States bilateral support for development should focus on critical problems in those functional sectors which affect the lives of the majority of the people in the developing countries: food production; rural development and nutrition; population planning and health; and education, public administration, and human resource development. "(3) United States cooperation in development should be carried out to the maximum extent possible through the private sector, including those institutions which already have ties in the developing areas, such as educational institutions, cooperatives, credit unions, and voluntary agencies. "(4) Development planning must be the responsibility of each sovereign country. United States assistance should be administered in a collaborative style to support the development goals chosen by each country receiving assistance. " (5) United States bilateral development assistance should give the highest priority to undertakings submitted by host governments which directly improve the lives of the poorest of their people and their capacity to participate in the development of their countries. "(6) The economic and social development programs to which the United States lends support should reflect, to the maximum extent practicable, the role of United States private investment in such economic and social development programs.