94 STAT. 706
Grants for research.
PUBLIC LAW 96-294—JUNE 30, 1980 new paragraph: "(2) alcohol and other forms of biomass energy as substitutes for petroleum or natural gas,"; (3) by inserting after the first sentence thereof the following: "The authority to conduct research under paragraph (2) does not include authority to conduct research with respect to technology demonstrations of integrated systems for commercialization of technologies for applications other than agricultural or uniquely rural applications. The Secretary may make grants under this subsection to such colleges, universities, and Government corporations for the purpose of conducting research relating to the development of the most economical and commercially feasible means of collecting and transporting wastes, residues, and byproducts for use as feedstocks for the production of alcohol and other forms of biomass energy. At least 25 per centum of the amount appropriated in any fiscal year for research under paragraph (2) shall be made available for grants under this subsection for research, relating to the production of alcohol, to identify and develop agricultural commodities, including alfalfa, sweet sorghum, black locust, and cheese whey, which may be suitable for such production. At least 25 per centum of the amount appropriated in any fiscal year for research under paragraph (2) shall be made available for grants under this subsection for research relating to the development of technologies for increasing the energy efficiency and commercial feasibility of alcohol production, including processes of cellulose conversion and cell membrane technology."; (4) by striking out "section" each place it appears and inserting in lieu thereof "subsection"; (5) by inserting "(a)" after "SEC. 1419."; (6) by adding at the end of subsection (a), as so designated, the following new sentence: "In addition to the authorization of appropriations provided in the preceding sentence, there is authorized to be appropriated for grants to conduct research described in paragraph (2) and in the third sentence of this subsection $12,000,000 for each of the fiscal years ending September 30, 1981; September 30, 1982; September 30,' 1983; and September 30, 1984."; and (7) by adding at the end thereof the following new subsection: "(h) For purposes of subsection (a)— "(1) the term 'biomass' means any organic matter which is available on a renewable basis, including agricultural crops and agricultural wastes and residues, wood and wood wastes and residues, and animal wastes, except that such term does not include aquatic plants and municipal wastes; "(2) the term 'biomass energy' means any gaseous, liquid, or solid fuel produced by conversion of biomass, and energy or steam derived from the direct combustion of biomass for the generation of electricity, mechanical power, or industrial process heat; and "(3) the term 'municipal wastes' means any organic matter, including sewage, sewage sludge, and industrial or commercial waste, and mixtures of such matter and inorganic refuse— "(i) from any publicly or privately operated municipal waste collection or similar disposal system; or "(ii) from similar waste flows (other than such flows which constitute agricultural wastes or residues, or wood wastes or