Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 96 Part 2.djvu/795
PUBLIC LAW 97-424—JAN. 6, 1983
96 STAT. 2157
fiscal year ending September 30, 1988. Appropriated funds authorized by this section shall be used to reimburse States pro rata for the Federal share of costs incurred. Grants made pursuant to the authority of this part shall be for periods not to exceed one fiscal year, ending at the end of a fiscal year.
Reimbursement to States.
PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES
SEC. 405. (a) No person shall discharge, discipline, or in any manner discriminate against any employee with respect to the employee's compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment because such employee (or any person acting pursuant to a request of the employee) has filed any complaint or instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding relating to a violation of a commercial motor vehicle safety rule, regulation, standard, or order, or has testified or is about to testify in any such proceeding. (b) No person shall discharge, discipline, or in any manner discriminate against an employee with respect to the employee's compensation, terms, conditions, or privileges of employment for refusing to operate a vehicle when such operation constitutes a violation of any Federal rules, regulations, standards, or orders applicable to commercial motor vehicle safety or health, or because of the employee's reasonable apprehension of serious injury to himself or the public due to the unsafe condition of such equipment. The unsafe conditions causing the employee's apprehension of injury must be of such nature that a reasonable person, under the circumstances then confronting the employee, would conclude that there is a bona fide danger of an accident, injury, or serious impairment of health, resulting from the unsafe condition. In order to qusilify for protection under this subsection, the employee must have sought from his employer, and have been unable to obtain, correction of the unsafe condition. (c)(1) Any employee who believes he has been discharged, disciplined, or otherwise discriminated against by any person in violation of subsection (a) or (b) of this section may, within one hundred and eighty days after such alleged violation occurs, file (or have filed by any person on the employee's behalf) a complaint with the Secretary of Labor alleging such discharge, discipline, or discrimination. Upon receipt of such a complaint, the Secretary of Labor shall notify the person named in the complaint of the filing of the complaint. (2)(A) Within sixty days of receipt of a complaint filed under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the Secretary of Labor shall conduct an investigation and determine whether there is reasonable cause to believe that the complaint has merit and notify the complainant and the person alleged to have committed a violation of this section of his findings. Where the Secretary of Labor has concluded that there is reasonable cause to believe that a violation has occurred, he shall accompany his findings with a preliminary order providing the relief prescribed by subparagraph (B) of this paragraph. Thereafter, either the person alleged to have committed the violation or the complainant may, within thirty days, file objections to the findings or preliminary order, or both, and request a hearing on the record, except that the filing of such objections shall not operate to stay any reinstatement remedy contained in the preliminary order. Such hearings shall be expeditiously conducted. Where a hearing is not timely requested, the preliminary order
Discrimination. 49 USC 2305.
Filing of complaint.