Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 99 Part 2.djvu/291

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PUBLIC LAW 99-000—MMMM. DD, 1985

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PUBLIC LAW 99-198—DEC. 23, 1985

99 STAT. 1401

"(3)(A) Except as provided in subsection (f)(2), the individual farm program acreage for each crop of feed grains shall be determined by multiplying the allocation factor by the acreage of feed grains planted for harvest on the farms for which individual farm program acreages are required to be determined. "(B) The individual farm program acreage shall not be further Prohibition. reduced by application of the allocation factor if the producers reduce the acreage of feed grains planted for harvest on the farm from the crop acreage base established for the farm under title V by 7 USC 1461. at least the percentage recommended by the Secretary in the proclamation of the national program acreage. "(C) The Secretary shall provide fair and equitable treatment for producers on farms on which the acreage of feed grains planted for harvest is less than the crop acreage base established for the farm under title V, but for which the reduction is insufficient to exempt the farm from the application of the allocation factor. "(D) In establishing the allocation factor for feed grains, the Secretary may make such adjustment as the Secretary deems necessary to take into account the extent of exemption of farms under the foregoing provisions of this paragraph. "(e) The farm program payment yields for farms for each crop of feed grains shall be determined under title V. "(f)(l)(A)(i) Notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, except as provided in subparagraphs (B) through (D), if the Secretary determines that the total supply of feed grains, in the absence of an acreage limitation or set-aside program, will be excessive taking into account the need for an adequate carryover to maintain reasonable and stable supplies and prices and to meet a national emergency, the Secretary may provide for any crop of feed grains either an acreage limitation program as described in paragraph (2) or a set-aside program as described in paragraph (3). "(ii) In making a determination under clause (i), the Secretary shall take into consideration the number of acres placed in the conservation acreage reserve established under section 1231 of the Food Security Act of 1985. Post, p. 1509. "(iii) If the Secretary elects to put either of such programs into effect for any crop year, the Secretary shall announce any such program not later than September 30 prior to the calendar year in which the crop is harvested, except that in the case of the 1986 crop, the Secretary shall announce such program as soon as practicable after the date of enactment of the Food Security Act of 1985. "(iv) Not later than November 15 of the year previous to the year in which the crop is harvested, the Secretary may make adjustments in an announcement made under clause (iii) if the Secretary determines that there has been a significant change in the total supply of feed grains since the program was first announced. "(B) In the case of the 1986 crop of feed grains, if the Secretary estimates, as soon as practicable after the date of enactment of the Food Security Act of 1985, that the quantity of corn on hand in the United States on the first day of the marketing year for that crop (not including any quantity of corn of that crop) will be— "(i) more than 2,000,000,000 bushels, the Secretary shall provide for— "(I) an acreage limitation program (as described in paragraph (2)) under which the acreage planted to feed grains for harvest on a farm would be limited to the feed grain s