|Permanent Revolution is a Marxist theory most closely associated with Leon Trotsky, devised as an explanation of how socialist revolutions could occur in societies that had not achieved advanced capitalism. The phrase was coined by Marx in 1850. The theory states that the bourgeois democratic tasks in countries with delayed bourgeois democratic development cannot be accomplished except through the establishment of a workers' state, and further, that the creation of a workers' state would inevitably involve inroads against capitalist property. Thus, the accomplishment of bourgeois democratic tasks passes over into proletarian tasks, and it is in this sense that the revolution is "permanent" in that it must be "continuous" until "final" victory.— Excerpted from Permanent Revolution on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.|
- Introduction to the first Russian edition
- Introduction to the German edition
- Chapter 1: The Enforced Nature of this Work and its Aim
- Chapter 2: The Permanent Revolution is not a ‘Leap by the Proletariat, but the Reconstruction of the Nation under leadership of the Proletariat
- Chapter 3: Three Elements of the ‘Democratic Dictatorship’: Classes, Tasks and Political Mechanics
- Chapter 4: What did the Theory of the Permanent Revolution Look Like in Practice?
- Chapter 5: Was the ‘Democratic Dictatorship Realized on Our country? If so, When?
- Chapter 6: On the Skipping of Historical Stages
- Chapter 7: What does the Slogan of the Democratic Dictatorship Mean Today For the East
- Chapter 8: From Marxism to Pacifism
- Chapter 9: Epilogue
- Chapter 10: What is the Permanent Revolution? Basic Postulates