Poetic Edda/Völuspá IV

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Poetic Edda
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Völuspá IV



Sophus Bugge

1. «For silence I ask all
the holy children,
great and small,
sons of Heimdallr;
wilt thou, that I, Valfather!
Well recount
ancient history of men,
the first I remember?

2. I remember Jotnar
early born,
those who in old
foster me have;
nine homes I remember,
nine wooded rooms,
wise tree bright
before ground below.

3. In times of old
then Ýmir build,
was sand, not sea,
no gelid waves,
earth existed not,
nor upper heaven,
gap was yawning,
but grass nowhere.

4. Ere Bur's sons
the burden lifted,
they who Midgard
mighty created;
sun shone from the south
on the temple rocks,
the ground grows
with green onions.

5. Sun warped south,
moons companion,
the right hand
around the heavens rim;
sun knew not
what temples she had,
moon knew not
what power he possessed,
stars knew not
what places they had.

6. Then went reigns all
to their ruling seats,
the high-holy gods
held council;
night and descendant
they gave names,
morning they named,
and midday,
afternoon and eve;
years to count.

7. Are Aesir to be found
on Idavelli;
there they Hörg and Hof
timbered high,
craftsmen created,
and blacksmiths,
tongs they fashion
and tools made.

8. With games in the yard
joyous they were,
to them was naught
the lack of gold;
then three there came,
Thursa maidens,
all-powerful,
from Jotunhome.

9. Then went reigns all
to their ruling seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
whom should the Dwarfs,
the kings' men, create,
from oceans blood
and the Bláins calves.

10. There was Módsognir,
greatest of creations,
greatest of Dwarfs,
but Durinn second;
Manlike creations
many they did,
Dwarfs from earth,
as Durinn said.

11. Nýi, Nidi,
Nordri, Sudri,
Austri, Vestri,
Althjófr, Dvalinn,
Nár and Náinn,
Nípingr, Dáinn,
Bifurr, Bafurr,
Bomburr, Nori,
Ánn and Ánarr,
Óinn, Mjodvitnir.

12. Veggr and Gandálfr,
Vindálfr, Thorinn,
Thrár and Thráinn,
Thekkr, Litr ok Vitr,
Nýr and Nýrádr,
now have I Dwarfs,
Reginn and Radsvidr,
rightly mention.

13. Fili, Kili,
Fundinn, Nali,
Hepti, Vili,
Hanarr, Svíurr,
Billingr, Brúni,
Bildr and Buri,
Frár, Hornbori,
Fregr and Lóni,
Aurvangr, Jari,
Eikinskjaldi.



14. Measure is the Dwarfs
in Dvalin's flock
the men of lions
and census Lofars;
there they went
from temples rocks,
to Aurvanga shoot,
and Joruvalla.

15. There were Draupnir,
and Dólgthrasir,
Hár, Haugspori,
Hlévangr, Glóinn,
Dori, Ori,
Dúfr, Andvari,
Skirfir, Virfir,
Skafidr, Ai.

16. Álfr and Yngvi,
Eikinskjaldi,
Fjalarr and Frosti,
Finnr and Ginnarr;
known shall be
while people lives,
long-fathers reckoning,
the Lofars had.

17. To three there came
from the land
this high and mighty
Aesir to the house,
found they on land,
less mighty,
Ask and Emblu
void of destiny.

18. Mind they not own,
reflection they had not,
no vision nor cover
or colour fine;
mind gave Odinn,
reflection gave Hænir,
vision gave Lódurr
and colour fine.

19. Ash I know standing,
named Yggdrasill,
a lofty tree, laved
with limpid water:
thence comes dew
that in dales fell;
stands always over
the green Urd’s well.

20. Thence comes maidens,
much knowing,
three, from the hall
under tree stands;
Urd hight the first,
the second Verdandi,
they ash-tablets graved,
Skuld hight the third;

they laws made,
they life selected;
all the children
they destiny say.

21. She dispute remember,
the first in the home,
when Gullveig
Geirum supported,
and in Hárs hall
they burn her;

three times burned
the three times born,
often, not seldom,
yet still she lives.

22. Heidi she hight,
to the house came
the wise volva,
woken she neighbours,
magic she knew,
magic she joyfully,
friendly always
for angry maidens.

23. Then went reigns all
to their ruling seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
whether Aesir should
sacrifice offer,
or should gods all
the guilds own.

24. Spear throws Odinn
and shoots in the flock,
then there was conflict,
the first in the home;
broken was board-wall
in Aesir-fortress,
war proclaims Vanir,
on plains running.

25. Then went reigns all
to their ruling seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
who had ear all
with evil mixed,
or the Jotun's
Od's made given?

26. Thorr only rise,
in stifling mode,
seldom he sits
when hearing like this;
broken was oaths,
words, and promise,
the mighty pledges
between them made.

27. Knows she Heimdall's
sound is hidden
under bright twig
of holy tree;
stream see she wiggle
to muddy falls
from Valfathers pawn.
Understand ye yet, or what?

28. Alone she sat outside,
when in old there came
Yggjungr, Aesir,
and in her eye gazed:
«What wouldst thou ask me?
Why temptest thou me?
I know all, Ódinn!
Where your eye fell:
in the mighty
well of Mími»
Mead drinks Mímir
every morning
from Valfathers pawn.
Understand ye yet, or what?

30. Selected her Herfather
rings and gold,
riches wisely,
that she wisdom tell.
Saw she far and wide
in homes all.

30. See she Valkyries
far was coming,
ready to ride
to Godtjodar:
Skuld hold shield,
but Skogul another,
Gunnr, Hildr, Gondul,
and Geirskogul;
now is counted
the nun's of Herjan,
Valkyries ready
to ride the land.

31. I saw for Baldri,
the blood of Tívur,
Ódin's child
destiny follow:
Stood he grown up,
high over field,
lean and soft,
the bright mistletoe.

32. Was of the injury,
that hit him mildly,
harm-flying badly;
Hodr was shooting.
Baldrs brother
was born ere long,
and one night old
fought Odin's son.

33. Wash he never hands,
nor head combed,
till to fire he bore
Baldrs cause of death.
But Frigg she cried
in Fensalom
over the act in Valhallar.
Understand ye yet, or what?

34 . . . . .
. . . . . .
. . . . . .
. . . . . .
Then may Vala
the tie of misery turn,
better-done hard
and tide with guts.

35. In chain saw she lying
under spring grove,
the guileful-like
Loka to perceive;
sits there Sigyn,
but much happiness
she don’t have.
Understand ye yet, or what?

36. River falls east
through venom dales
with scissors and sword;
Slídr is its name.

37. Stood before the north,
on Nidavollum
a hall made of gold
for Sindr's kin;
another stood
in Ókólni,
Jotun's bjór-hall,
which Brímir hight.

38. Hall she sees standing
far from the sun
at Nástrondu,
north turns the door;
falls venom-drops
in from the roof,
and it's under the hall
entwined with serpents.

39. She there saw wading
the sluggish streams
bloodthirsty men
and murderous wolfs
and those who confuse
the ears of a female friend;
there suck Nidhoggr
corpses, forward going,
the wolf tears beings.
Understand ye yet, or what?






40. In the east sat the old
in Ironwood
and there gave birth
to Fenris children;
Just one of these
of all of them
becomes the moon-thief
in troll's guise.

41. Fills the foreshore
with dead men,
reddens reigns abode
with red gore;
black was sunshine
the summer after,
the weather unsafe.
Understand ye yet, or what?

42. Sat there on a pile
and played his harp
the maidens' warder
joyfully Egdir;
resound around him
in gosling forest
bright red rooster
that Fjalarr is named.

43. Resound around Aesir
Gullinkambi,
and wakes yeoman's
hinge at Herjafather;
another yell
before earth below
soot-red rooster
in the halls of Heljar.

44. Barks Garmr load
before Gnípahelli;
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.
Much she knows,
forth I see longer,
about Ragnarok
the mighty Sigtíva.

45. Brothers may fight
and fell each other,
may sisters' sons
kinship stain;
hard is in the home,
whoredom severe;
axe-age, sword-age,
shields cloven,

wind-age, wolf-age,
ere the world falls;


no men will
each other spare.

46. Plays Mims sons,
but fate awakes
from the aged
Gjallarhorni;
load blows Heimdallr,
the horn is raised;
grind then Ódinn
with Míms head.

47. Trembles Yggdrasil's
ash yet standing,
a feeble sound of aged tree,
the Jotunn is loos;
hasty they all went
on the road to Hel,
before still Surt's
friend it swallow.

48. What's with the Aesir?
What's with the Elf’s?
Resound all Jotun-homes;
Aesir are at the council,
stand the Dwarfs
before the stony door,
rock-wall wise.
Understand ye yet, or what?

49. Barks now Garmr load
before Gnípahelli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

50. Hrymr slide to the east,
have linden in front.
Turns Jormungandr
in Jotun mode:
worm bundle waves
and eagle screams,
beak tear foul corpse.
Naglfar is loosened.

51. Keel's journey eastward,
comes may Muspells
of lawful lands,
but Loki steer's;
goes unlawful men
with Freka all,
they with brother
of Byleist went.

52. Surtr journey south,
with burning evil,
shines from swords
the sun on Valtiva.
Stone castle clashes,
still werewolf journey,
throng tails on Hell-road,
then heaven cloven.

53. Then comes Hlínars
other grief forth,
when Ódinn goes
with wolf fighting,
and bright Belia
slays Surti;
there may Friggjar
fall out of joy.

54. Barks now Garmr load
before Gnípahelli;
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

55. Then comes the high
Sigfathers son
Vidarr to slay
the Val-beast;
In Hvedrungs son
his sword pierced
to the heart;
avenged was his father.

56. Then comes the bright
son of Hlódynjar,
goes Odin’s son
to fight the snake;
slay he the mighty
Midgard’s guardian;
may werewolf's all
homesteads clear;
walks steps nine
Fjorgynjar's son
faintly from the serpent;
contumely female beast.

57. The sun darkens,
earth in ocean sinks,
from heaven trembles
bright stars.
The raging reek
with age to linger
plays load heat
with heaven itself.

58. Barks now Garmr load
before Gnipahelli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

59. She sees arise
a second time
earth from ocean,
beauteously green;
waterfalls descending,
eagle flying over,
she from mountains
captures fish.

60. Are Aesir to be found
on Idavelli,
of moulded pinewood
long they speak,
and recollect there
the mighty concil,
and of Fimbultys
ancient runes.

61. Then may again
wondrous
golden tablets
in the grass be found,
which in days of old
they had possessed.

62. Unsown then
the fields will grow,
evil be amended;
Baldr is coming.
Hodr and Baldr dwell
in Hropts victory-hall,
well with Valtivar.
Understand ye yet, or what?

63. Then may Hænir
by lot wood choose,
and farmsteads build,
brothers both
in wind home wide.
Understand ye yet, or what?

64. She a hall see standing
brighter than sun,
with gold bedecked,
in Gimlé;
there shall good people
household build,
and in long time
happiness enjoy.

65. Then comes a kingdom
to the ruling-seat,
the high from above,
who rules o'er all.

66. Then comes the gloomy
dragon flying,
serpent from below,
from Nidafjollum;.
bears in feather corpse
— flying over plain —
Nidhoggr now pale.
Now may she sink..»


:


Codex Regius

1. For the sound I pray
all the children,
great and small,
sons of Heimdallr.
Wilt thou that I, Valfather,
well recount,
ancient history of men,
the first I remember?

2. I remember Iotna,
early born,
those who in old
foster me have.
Nine homes I remember,
nine wooded rooms,
wise tree bright,
before ground below.

3. In times of old
then Ymir build;
was sand, not sea,
no gelid waves;
earth may exist,
not upper heaven,
was ginian gap,
but grass nowhere.

4. Ere Bur's sons
the burden lifted,
they who the eulogized
Mid gard created.
Sun shone from the south
on the temple rocks,
the ground grows
with green onions.

5. Sun shone from the south,
moons companion,
the right hand
around the heavens rim.
Sun knew not
what temples she had,
stars knew not
what places they had,
moon knew not
what power he possessed.

6. Then went reigns all
to their smoking seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Night and descendant
they gave names,
morning they named,
and midday,
afternoon and eve;
years to count.

7. Are Aesir to be found
on Ida's plain?
Hörg and Hof
they timbered high,
craftsmen created,
and blacksmiths,
tongs they fashion
and tools made.

8. At tables played at home
joyous they were,
to them was naught
the lack of gold.
To three there came
Thursa maidens,
all-powerful,
from Iotun homes.

9. Then went reigns all
to their smoking seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Who should the Dwarfs,
the kings' men create,
from oceans blood
and the blue calves.

10. There was Motsognir,
greatest of creations,
greatest of Dwarfs,
but Durin second.
Manlike creations
many they did,
Dwarfs from earth
as Durin said.

11. Nyi, Nithi,
Nordri, Sudri,
Austri, Vestri,
Althiofr, Dvalin,


Bivur, Bavur,
Bumbur, Nori,
Án and Anar,
Ai, Miodvitnir,

12. Veigr and Gandalfr,
Vindalfr, Thrain,
Theccr and Thorin,
Thror, Vitr and Litr,
Nár and Nyrathr,
now have I Dwarfs,
Regin and Radsuidr,
rightly mention.

13. Fili, Kili,
Fundin, Nali,
Hepti, Vili,
Hanar, Svior,


Frar, Hornbori,
Fregr and Loni,
Aurvangr, Iari,
Eikinscialdi.



14. Measure is the Dwarfs
in Dvalin's flock
the men of lions,
and Lofars count.
There they went
from temples rocks,
to Aurvanga shoots,
and earth dwellings.

15. There were Draupnir,
and Dolgthrasir,
Hár, Haug, Spori,
Hlevangr, Gloi,


Scirvir, Virvir,
Skafithr, Ai.

Alfr and Yngvi,
Eikinscialdi.
Fialar and Frostri,
Finr and Ginar;
known shall be
while people lives,
long-fathers reckoning
the Lofars have.

16. To three there came
from the land
this high and mighty
Aesir to the house.
Found they on land,
less mighty,
Asc and Emblo
void of destiny.
Mind they not own,
reflection they had not,
no vision nor cover
or colour fine.

17. Mind gave Othin,
reflection gave Henir,
vision gave Lodur,
and colour fine.

18. Ash I know standing,
named Ygdrasill,
a lofty tree, laved
with limpid water:
Thence comes dew
that in dales fell;
stands always over
the green Urdar’s well.

19. Thence comes maidens,
much knowing,
three of them sea,
is under tree standing;
Urd hight the one,
the second Verthandi,
they ash-tablets graved,
Skuld hight the third.

20. They laws made,
they life selected,
all the children
they destiny say.

21. She dispute in remember,
the first in the home,
when they Gullueig
with Geirom supported,
and in Hárs hall
they burn her.

22. They three times burn
the three times born;
often, not seldom,
yet still she lives.

23. Heidi she hight,
was to the house come
the wise volva.
Woken she neighbours,
magic she knew,
magic she joyfully,
friendly always
for angry maidens.

24. Then went powers all
to their smoking-seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Whether Aesir should
sacrifice offer,
or should gods all
the guilds own.

25. Spear throws Odin
and shoots in the flock;
then there was war,
the first in the home.
Broken was board-wall
in Aesir-fortress,
war proclaims Vanir,
on plain running.

26. Then went reigns all
to their smoking seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Whom had ear all
with evil mixed,
or the Iotuns
Oth's made given?

27. Only Thor reacts,
filled with anger;
seldom he sits
when hearing things like this.
Broken was oaths,
words and promises,
the mighty pledges
between them made.

28. Knows she hidden
is Heimdal’s sound
under the holy
high rising tree.
Over is pored
large waterfalls
from Valfather's pawn.
Understand ye yet, or what?

29. Alone she sat without
when the oldthere came,
Ygióngr, that Aesir-fellow,
and in her eye he gazed:
«What wouldst thou ask me?
Why temptest thou me?
I know all, Odin,
where your eye fell
in the mighty
well of Mimi»
Mead drinks Mimir
every morning
from the pawn.
Understand ye yet, or what?

30. Selected her Herfather
rings and gold,
riches wisely,
that she wisdom tell.
Saw she far and wide,
of the world all.

31. See she Valkyries
far was coming,
ready to ride
to the great land.
Skuld hold shield,
but Scaugul another,
Gunr, Hildr, Gaundul,
and Geirscaugul.
Now is counted
the nun's of Herians,
Valkyries ready
to ride the land .

32. I saw for Baldri,
the blood of Tivar,
Odin's child,
destiny follow.
Stood he grown up,
high over field,
lean and soft,
the bright mistletoe.

33. Was of the injury,
that hit him mildly,
harm-flying badly;
Hauthr was shooting.
The brother of Baldr
was born ere long,
and one night old
fought Odin's son.

34. His hands he washed not,
his hair he combed not,
till he bore to the fire
Baldr's foe.
But Frig she cried
in Fensalom
over the act in Valhallar.
Understand ye yet, or what?










35. In chain saw she lying
in the spring grove,
the guileful-like
Loka to perceive.
Sits there Sigyn;
but much happiness
she don’t have.
Understand ye yet, or what?

36. River falls east,
through venom dales,
with scissors and sword;
Slithr is its name.

Stood before the north,
on Anita's plain,
a hall made of gold,
for Sindr's kin.
Another stood
in Ukolni,
the Iotun's bior-hall
which Brimir hight.

37. Hall she sees standing,
far from the sun,
at Na strand;
north turns the door,
falls venom-drops
in from the roof,
and it's under the hall
entwined with serpents.

38. She there saw wading
the sluggish streams,
bloodthirsty men
and murderous wolfs,
and those who confuse
the ears of a female friend.
There suck Nidhogr
corpses, forward going;
the wolf tears beings.
Understand ye yet, or what?






39. In the east sat the old,
in Ironwood,
and fostered there
Fenris children.
Just one of these,
of all of them,
becomes the moon-thief
in troll's guise.

40. Fills the foreshore
with dead men,
reddens reigns abode
with red gore;
black was sunshine
the summer after,
the weather unsafe.
Understand ye yet, or what?

41. Sat there on a pile
and played his harp,
the maidens’ warder,
joyfully Egther.
Resound around him,
in gosling forest,
bright red rooster
that Fialar is named.

42. Resound around Aesir
Gullincambi,
and wakes yeoman's
hinge at Heriafather.
Another yell
before earth below:
soot-red rooster,
in the halls of Heliar.

43. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipahelli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.
Much she knows,
forth I see longer,
about reign seats;
the mighty council.

44. Brothers may fight
and fell each other,
may sisters' sons
kinship stain;
hard is in the home,
whoredom severe;
axe-age, sword-age,
shields are sundered,

wind-age, wolf-age,
ere the world falls;


no men will
each other spare.

45. Plays Mims sons,
but fate awakes
from the broken
resounding horn;
load blows Heimdallr,
the horn is raised.
Grind then Odin
with Mims head,
a feeble sound of aged tree;
the Iotun is loos,
trembles Ygdrasil's
ash yet standing.






49. What's with the Aesir?
What's with the Elf’s?
Resound all Iotun homes;
Aesir are at the council,
stand the Dwarfs
before the stony door,
rock-wall wise.
Understand ye yet, or what?

46. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipahelli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

47. Hrymr slide to the east,
have linden in front,
turns Iormvngandr
in Iotun mode.
Worm bundle waves
and eagle screams,
beak tear foul corpse,
nail track is loosened.

48. Keel's journey to the east,
comes may Muspellz
of lawful lands,
but Loki steer's.
Goes unlawful men
with Freka all;
they with brother of
villager Leipz on their course.

50. Surtr journey south,
with burning evil,
shines from swords
the sun on Valtifa.
Stone castle clashes,
still werewolf journey,
throng tails on Hell-road,
then heaven cloven.

51. Again the grief
arises in Lin
when Odin goes
with the wolf to fight,
and Belia's fair slayer
seeks out Surti;
for there must fall
the joy of Frig.






52. Then comes the high
Sigfathers son,
Vidar, and shall
the wolf war give.
In Kvedrung's son
his sword pierced
to the heart;
avenged was his father.

53. Then comes the bright
son of Hlodyn,
goes Othin’s son
to fight the wolf;
slay he the mighty
Midgard’s guardian.
May werewolf's all
from homesteads clear;
walks steps nine
Fiorgyn's son
faintly from the serpent;
contumely female beast.

54. The sun darkens,
earth in ocean sinks,
from heaven trembles
bright stars.
The raging reek
with age to linger
plays load heat
with heaven itself.

55. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipahelli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

56. She sees arise
a second time
earth from ocean,
beauteously green.
Waterfalls descending,
eagle flying over;
she from mountains
captures fish.

57. Are Aesir to be found
on Ida's plain?
Of moulded pinewood
long they speak,


and of Fimbultys
ancient runes.

58. Then may again
wondrous
golden tablets
in the grass be found,
which in days of old
they had possessed.

59. Unsown then
the fields will grow,
evil be amended;
Balder is coming.
Hauthr and Baldr dwell
in Hroptz victory-hall,
well with Valtivar.
Understand ye yet, or what?

60. Then may Henir
by lot wood choose,
and farmsteads build,
brothers both
in wind home wide.
Understand ye yet, or what?

61. She a hall see standing
brighter than sun,
with gold bedecked,
in Gimlé.
There shall good people
household build,
and in long time
happiness enjoy.






62. Then comes the gloomy
dragon flying,
serpent from below,
from Nitha hills.
Bears in feather corpse,
flying over plain;
Nithhaugr now pale.
Now may she sink..


:


Hauksbók

1. For the sound I pray all
the holy children,
great and small,
sons of Heimdallr.
Wilt thou that I, Vafather,
well recount,
ancient history of men,
the first I remember?

2. I remember Iotna,
early born,
those who in old
foster me have.
Nine homes I remember,
nine Iotun maids,
wise tree bright,
before ground below.

3. In times of old
then Ymir build;
was sand, not sea,
no gelid waves;
earth may exist,
not upper heaven,
gap was ginian,
but grass nowhere.

4. Ere Bur's sons
the burden lifted,
they who the eulogized
Midgard created.
Sun shone from the south
on the temple rocks,
the ground grows
with green onions.

5. Sun shone from the south,
moons companion,
the right hand
around the heavens rim.
Sun knew not
what temples she had,
stars knew not
what places they had,
moon knew not
what power he possessed.

6. Then went reigns all
to their smoking seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Night and descendant
they gave names,
morning they named,
and midday,
afternoon and eve;
years to count.

7. Are Aesir to be found
on Idauelli?
Crafts they fashion,
much they attempted;
craftsmen created,
and blacksmiths,
tongs they fashion
and tools made.

8. At tables played at home
joyous they were,
to them was naught
the lack of gold.
To three there came
Tussa maidens,
all-powerful,
from Jotunhomes.

9. Then went reigns all
to their smoking seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Who should the Dwarfs,
the kings' men, create,
from oceans blood
and the blue calves.

10. There was Modsognir,
greatest of creations,
greatest of Dwarfs,
but Durinn second.
Manlike creations
many they did,
Dwarfs from earth
as Durinn said.

11. Nyi, Nidi,
Nordri, Sudri,
Austri, Vestri,
Althiofr, Dualinn,
Naar and Nainn,
Nipingr, Dainn,
Ueggr, Gand, Alfr,
Uindalfr, Thorinn.

12. Bifur, Bafur,
Bumbur, Nori,
An and Onar,
Ai, Miodvitnir,
Thrar and Thrainn,
Thror, Litr and Vitr,
Nyr and Nyradr,
now have I warriors,
Reginn and Radsvidr,
rightly mention.

13. Fili, Kili,
Funndin, Nali,
Hefti, Fili,
Hanar and Svidr,
Nar and Nainn,
Nipingr, Dáinn,
Billingr, Bruni,
Billdr and Buri,
Fror, Fornbogi,
Freg and Loni.

14. Aurvangr, Iari,
Eikin, Skialldi.
Measure is the Dwarfs
in Dualin's flock
the men of lions,
and Lofars count.
There they went
from temples rocks,
to Orvanga shoots,
and earth dwellings.

15. There were Draufnir,
and Dolgthraser,
Har, Haugspori,
Hlevargr, Gloinn,
Scirfir, Virvir,
Skafidr, Ai,



Aalfr and Yngvi,
Eikinskialldi.


16. Known shall be
while people lives,
long-fathers reckoning
the Lofars have.

17. To three there came,
Thussa maidens,
this high and mighty
Aesir to the house.
Found they on land,
less mighty,
Asc and Emblo
void of destiny.
Mind they not own,
reflection they had not,
no vision nor cover
or colour fine.

18. Mind gave Odinn,
reflection gave Henir,
vision gave Lodur,
and colour fine.

19. Ash I know standing,
named Yggdrasill,
a lofty tree, laved
with limpid water:
Thence comes dew
that in dales fell;
stands always over
the green Urdar’s well.

20. Thence comes maidens,
much knowing,
three from the hall,
under the tree stands;
Urd hight the one,
the second Verdandi,
they ash-tablets graved,
Skulld hight the third.

21. They laws made,
they life selected,
all the children
they destiny say.

26. She dispute in remember,
the first in the home,
when they Gullueig
with Geirum supported,
and in Hars hall
they burn her.
They three times burn her,
the three times burned,
the three times born,
often, not seldom,
yet still she lives.

27. Heidi she hight,
was to the house come
the wise volva.
Woken she neighbours,
magic she knew,
magic she joyfully,
friendly always
for angry maidens.

28. Then went powers all
to their smoking-seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Whether Aesir
should sacrifice offer,
or guilds all
belong to the gods.

29. Spear throws Odinn
and shoots in the flock;
then there was war,
the first in the home.
Broken was board-wall
in Aesir-fortress,
war proclaims Vanir,
on plain running.

22. Then went reigns all
to their smoking seats,
the high-holy gods
held council:
Whom had ear all
with evil mixed,
or the Iotuns
Od's made given?

23. Only Thorr reacts,
filled with anger;
seldom he sits
when hearing things like this.
Broken was oaths,
words and promises,
the mighty pledges
between them made.

24. Knows she hidden
is Heimdallar’s sound
under the holy
high rising tree.
Over is pored
large waterfalls
from Valfather's pawn.
Understand ye yet, or what?



































































30. Then Vala
the tie of misery turns,
better done hard
was tide with guts.





Sits there Sigyn;
but much happiness
she don’t have.
Understand ye yet, or what?















34. Hall she sees standing,
far from the sun,
at Nastrondu;
north turns the door,
falls venom-drops
in from the roof,
and it's under the hall
entwined with serpents.

35. She there saw wading
the sluggish streams,
bloodthirsty men
and murderous wolfs,
and those who confuse
the ears of a female friend.
There suck Nidhoggr
corpses, forward going;
the wolf tears beings.
Understand ye yet, or what?

36. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipahelli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

25. In the east sat the old,
in Ironwood,
gave birth there
to Fenris children.
Just one of these,
of all of them,
becomes the moon-thief
in troll's guise.

Fills the foreshore
with dead men,
reddens reigns abode
with red gore;
black was sunshine
the summer after,
the weather unsafe.
Understand ye yet, or what?

32. Sat there on a pile
and played his harp,
the maidens' warder,
joyfully Egdir.
Resound around him,
in gosling forest,
bright red rooster
that Fialar is named.

33. Resound around Aesir
Gullin kambi,
and wakes yeoman's
hinge at Heria father.
Another yell
before earth below:
soot-red rooster,
in the halls of Heliar.

31. Barks Garmr load
before Gnupa helli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.
Forth I see longer,
much I can tell
about reign seats;
the mighty Sigtiva.

37. Brothers may fight
and fell each other,
may sisters' sons
kinship stain;
hard is in the home,
whoredom severe;
axe-age, sword-age,
shields are cloven.

38. Wind-age, wolf-age,
ere the world falls;
the ground roars,
the werewolf's runs,
no men wills
each other spare.

39. Plays Mims sons,
but fate awakes
from the aged
resounding horn;
load blows Heimdallr,
the horn is raised.
Grind then Odin
with Mims head.

40. Trembles Yggdrasil's
ash yet standing,
a feeble sound of aged tree;
the Iotun is loos,
Hasty they all went
on the road to Hel,
before still Surt's friend
it swallows.

41. What's with the Aesir?
What's with the Elf’s?
Resound all Iotun homes;
Aesir are at the council,
stand the Dwarfs
before the stony door,
rock-wall wise.
Understand ye yet, or what?

42. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipa helli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

43. Hrymr slide to the east,
have linden in front,
turns Iormungandr
in Iotu mode.
Worm bundle waves
and eagle screams,
beak tear foul corpse,
Naglfar is loosened.

44. Keel's journey to the east,
comes may Muspellz
of lawful lands,
but Loki steer's.
Goes unlawful men
with Freka all;
they with brother of
Byleipz on their course.

45. Surtr journey south,
with burning evil,
shines from swords
the sun on Valtifa.
Stone castle clashes,
still werewolf journey,
throng tails on Hell-road,
then heaven cloven.

46. Again the grief
arises in Hlin
when Odin goes
with the wolf to fight,
and Belia's fair slayer
seeks out Surt;
for there must fall
the joy of Frigg.

47. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipa helli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

48. Gape high over
chasm earth . . .
. . . . . . g . ar
worms . . edum
. . . Odin's son
worm mighty
wolfe at . . .
Vidar's . . . . . .



49. . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .
may tail's al . . .
. . . . . . ydia
. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . .



50. [The sun] darkens,
earth in ocean sinks,
from heaven trembles
bright stars.
The raging reek
with age to linger
plays load heat
with heaven itself.

51. Barks Garmr load
before Gnipa helli,
the leash may break,
and Freki then runs.

52. She sees arise
a second time
earth from ocean,
beauteously green.
Waterfalls descending,
eagle flying over;
she from mountains
captures fish.

53. Are Aesir to be found
on Ida's plain?
Of moulded pinewood
long they speak,
and recollect there
the mighty concil,
and of Fimbultys
ancient runes.

54. Then may again
wondrous
golden tablets
in the grass be found,
which in days of old
they had possessed.

55. Unsown then
the fields will grow,
evil be amended;
Balldr may come.
Hodr and Balldr dwell
in Hroptz victory-hall,
well with Valtivar.
Understand ye yet, or what?

56. Then may Henir
by lot wood choose,
and farmsteads build,
brothers both
in Vindheim wide.
Understand ye yet, or what?

57. She a hall see standing
brighter than sun,
with gold bedecked,
in Gimle.
There shall good people
household build,
and in long time
happiness enjoy.

58. Then comes the mighty one
to the judgment-seat,
the high from above,
who rules o'er all.

59. Then comes the gloomy
dragon flying,
serpent from below,
from Nida.
Bears in feather corpse,
flying over plain;
Nidhoggr now pale.
Now may she sink..