Popular Science Monthly/Volume 32/Advertisements

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PARKES'S PRACTICAL HYGIENE. Seventh edition. A Manual of Practical Hygiene, by Edmund A. Parkes, M. D., F. R. S. Edited by F. S. B. Francois dk Chaumont, M. D., F. R. S. Seventh edition, rearranged and revised. 103 Wood Engravings, 5 Lithographs, octavo. YliO pages. Cloth, $4.50.

TIDY'S MODERN CHEMISTRY. Second edition. Inorganic and Organic. A Hand-book for the Use of Students. By Charles Meymott Tidy, F R. C, Pro- fessor of Chemistry and Medical Jurisprudence and Public Health at London Hos- pital ; Medical Officer of Health and Public Analyst of the City of London, etc. Second edition. Revised and enlarged. 8vo. Cloth, $5.50.

BLOXAM'S CHEMISTRY. Si.xth edition. Inorganic and Organic. With Experi- ments. By Charles L. liLOXAM, Professor of Chemistry in King's College, London, and in the Department for Artillery Studies, Woolwich. Sixth edition. Revised and enlarged. With nearly 300 Engravings. 8vo. 788 pages. Cloth, $4.50; leather, $5.50.

RICHTER'3 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. Third edition. Inorganic Chemistry. A Text book for Students. By Professor Victor von Richter, University of Bres- lau. Third American, from fifth German edition. Authorized Translation by Edgar F. Smith, M. A., Ph. D., Professor of Chemistry, Wittenberg College, formerly in the Laboratories of the University of Pennsylvania, Member of the Chemical Societies of Berlin and Paris. With 89 Illustrations and a Colored Plate of Spectra. 12mo. Cloth, $2.00.

By same Author and Translator.

CHEMISTRY OF THE CARBON COMPOUNDS. A Complete Text and Reference Book. Illustrated. Cloth, $3.00 ; leather, $3.50.

  • ^,* These books may be ordered throuLih any bookseller, or upon receipt of price, will he eent,

post-paid, to any addrei^s. Caialoj^ues of Ciiemical and Medical Books free upon application.

P. BLAKISTON, SON & CO., Publishers and Booksellers,


I0I2 Walnut Street, Philadelphia.

Origins of the English People and of the Eng- lish Language.


MEK, LL. D., Professor of the French Language and Literature, and Vice-President of

the College of the City of New York. With Chart and Lithographic Fac-similcs of

Anglo-Saxon and Early French Writings. One volume, 8vo. Pages, xxiii -1-058.

Cloth, $3.50.

Contents : I. The Early Inhabitants of Britain ; II. The Roman Conquest ; III. The English Conquest ; IV. The Danes in England : V. The Normans in Gaul ; VI. The Nor- man Conquest of Entjland ; VII. Growth and Decline of the Norman French in England; VIII. Specimens of Anjrlo-Norman French ; IX. F\ision of Anfrlo-Norman French and Anglo- Saxon English; X. The English Language and its Vocabulary ; XI. Specimens of Early English. Appendix— Vrcnch. Sources of Modern English : I. Historical Sketch of the French Language; 11. Etymology; III. Specimens of Early French.

" The subject, which covers a wide range of interesting studies, involves, first of all, a critical inquiry into the origin, character, and distribution of the various races of men — Celts, Romans, Saxons, Danes, Norman-;— who at various epochs have found their way into the British Islands— their idioms and forms of religion, their social and political diftcrenceSj their relative progress in the arts of civilized life. From the complexity of the subject, it is ob- vious that the knowledge we possess of all these details is not the fruit of any one man's learning, but the result of long and patient labors of many specialists in each of these branches. Availing ourselves of the latest researches of the distinguished scholars whose names we quote as our authorities in the list appended, and whose acknowledged learning and accuracy need no commendation, we here present to the student, who has not time to make a close study of their numerous works, a digest of their substance, so arranged as to be neither reduced to the skeleton of a mere abridgment, nor e.xtended to the huge dimen- sions of a learned work." — Extract from Preface.

��New York : D. APPLETON & CO., Publishers, 1, 3, & 5 Bond Street.

�� � 12

��1888-FORTY-FOURTH YEAR-1888.



Foreign Literature, Science and Art.


The Foreign Magazines embody the best thoughts of the ablest authors in Europe. It is the aim ol the ECLECTIC Magazine to select and reprint all the representative articles thus given to the world. The subscriber has then at his command, in a compact form, the best-digested work of the master-minds of the age.

The plan of the Eclectic includes Science, Essays, Reviews, Biographical Sketches, Historical Papers, Art Criticism, Travels, Poetry, and Short Stories.

Its Editorial Departments comprise Literary Notices, dealing with current home books. Foreign Literary Notes, Science, and Art, summarizing briefly the nev7 dis- coveries and achievements in this field, and consisting of choice extracts from new books and foreign journals. The magazine will strive earnestly to meet the tastes of the most thoughtful and intelligent classes, and to present articles by the leading thinkers on both sides of the questions absorbing the attention of the religious, literary, scientific, and art world. The field of selection will be mainly the English maga- zines, reviews, and weeklies, to which, indeed, most of the great continental authors are contributors. The subjoined lists exhibit the principal sourres whence the material is drawn, and the names of some of the leading authors whose articles may be expected to appear :


Quarterly Ilevi*-iv,

British (Juarterln Review,

£iiinlntri/h Uevieiv,

WeHtniitiHter Revietv,

Conteynporarif Jtfi-ieiv,

Fortnightly jteview,

The yiiieteenth Centtiry,

Science M isceUnny,

Blaclnrooil 's Slfifinzine,

Cornhill Mnunzine,

Mocinillaii's Miifimine,

Longnmn's Sfagnzitie,

yen- Quarterly Atagazine,

Xe tuple Har,


Good, Words.

J^ondoti Society.

Snturdny Revietv.

The Spectator.

The Academy,

The A thenceutn,



Das Rtindschau,

Revue des Deux Jtondes, etc., etc.


Right Don. W. E. Gladstone,

Alfred Tennyson,

Brof'essor Hiirlei/,

Professor Tydall,

Kirhard A. Hroct> r, B.A.

«7. Norman IjOckifer, F.R,S,,

Dr. W. n. Carjienter,

E. n. Tylor,

Hrof'essnr Max 31 tiller,

Professor (tweit,

JUatt/fW Arnold,

Edward A. Freeman, D.C.I,.,

tXanies Anthoni/ J-roude,

Thomas Hughes,

Algernon C'hatles Swinburne,

William Hlnck^

Mrs. (Hiphai. t ,

Cardinal J^ewnian,

Cardinal Manning,

Miss Thackeray^

Thotnas Hardy,

Roh-rt Buchanan,

W. H. Mallock,

Frof-ssor Ernest Haeckel,

Henry Taine, etc., etc.

��The aim of the Eclectic is not sensational, but to stimulate thonght, and it commends itself particularly to Teachers. Scholars. Lawyers, Clergymen, and all intelligent readers who cesire to keep abreast of the intellectual progress of the age.


��The Eci,KCTic comprises each >ear twelve monthly numbers making two large volumes of over 1700 Each of these volumes contains a fine tieel engraving which adds much to the attraction of the magazine

��TERMS: Single copies, 45 cents; one copy, one year, $5.00. Trial sub- scription for three months, $1.00. The ECLECTIC and any $4.00 magazine to one address, $8.00.

E. R. PELTON, Publisher,


�� � 13


��The Ne\v Review.

��THE FORUM addresses itself to the mass of intelligent people.

It discusses subjects that concern all classes alike — in morals, in education, in government, in religion.

It is genuinely independent, both of partisan bias and counting-room in- fluence.

It is constructive in its aim, presenting opposing views not for the purpose of exciting strife, but in order to assist the reader to form wise conclusions.

It employs the best known essayists; and it also invites to its pages men and women connected with important business and social interests who have special opportunities for information.

��What Is Said of It.

"It is the most thoughtful and authoritative periodical i>uhlished in the country." — Herald, Boa- ton, Mass.

" Its papers are of much variety, and their treat- j ment is masterly in the extreme."— Pa/Zarfiuw, New Haven, Conn.

" In no other periodical printed in English are 80 many timely topics so strongly handled." — Every Evening, M'ilmington, Del.

" For variety, richness strength, and suggestive- ness it has no peer among its contemporaries." — Evening Journal, Ottatca, Can.

•' It has done more to bring the thinking men of the country into connection with current literature than any other publication.' — Herald, New York. City.

"The hictorj' of periodic hterature does not con- tain another example of so sudden a ri.se to the very highest rank and greate.st popularity .'■— Argus, Al- bany, N. Y.

"It touches upon a greater number of subjects of popul-ir Interest and instruction than c:in be found in any other periodical published in this coun- try." — Mail and Express, New York City.

"Its rise and prosperity has been one of the gratifyins events of the literary world. Nothing could speak better lor the existence of a large and intelligent cbss deeply interested in the disjussion of serious questions." — Times, New York City.

��A Few of the Contributors.

President Julius H. Seelye.

Bishop F. D. Huntington.

.lustice Thomas M. Cooley. President 8. V. Bartlett. James Parton.

President F. A. P. Barnard. Edward Everett Hale.

General Lord Wolseley.

Bishop J. L. Spalding. President Timothy Dwight.

Professor William T. Harris.

Chancellor Howard Crosby. Professor C. C. Everett.

President James B Angell.

Professor Alexander Wiiichell. President John Bascom.

Professor St. Geor^'e Mivart

President E. G. Kobinson. Professor Frederic H. Hedge. Andrew 1). White.

Professor Francis L. Patton. Lord Bramwell.

David Dudley Field.

Professor William G. Sumner. Major J. W. Powell.

Professor Lester F. Ward

1). M. Craik (Miss Mulock). Professor G J. Romanes. Andrew Lang.

Kev. Dr. C. A. Bartol. Rev. Dr. Washington Gladden.

Professor A. P. Peabody

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps. W. H. Mallock.

Professor C. A. Young.

Edward Eggleston. Professor II. H. Boyesen.

Richard A. Proctor.

Professor Henry C. Adams.

��Published monthly. 50 cents a copy. $5.00 a year.

��THE FORUM PUBLISHING CO., 97 Fifth Ave., New York.

�� � 14

��What is a Cyelopsedia?"

��"What is a cyclopaedia? A literary work, of course, which gives informa- tion about everything. The word is derived from two Greek words, the first of which means circle ; and the second, primarily, bringing up or educating a child. We now define the word to be the circle of knowledgey

" ' Gives information about everything — constitutes the whole circle of knowl- edge! ' This means :i good deal. I doubt if it can be fairly comprehended off- hand, for the world has been a wonderfully busy world, and the things done — the things accomplished in an almost infinite number of directions— make up a tremendous record."'

"This is true. It does mean a great deal, and one's imagination must take a wide range in order, as you say, to comprehend it all. I don't believe anybody does comprehend it without thinking it over well. Just consider! What is there not in a work that embraces the whole circle of knowledge? The very enumeration of the topics takes one's breath away. Do you want to learn about the stars, about the seas, or about the earth and all it contains? You will find the knowledge in a cyclopsBdia. Do you want to know what things tiave been discovered and what invented? Do you wish to learn of the resources, the products, the industries of the world? Its ample pages will reveal it all to you. Do you want to know what has been done in literature, or in science, or in art, or in philosophy? It is all there. If you are curious about the history of any country, or the life of any eminent man, turn to its pages and the facts are within your reach. No question comes up that the cyclopaedia does not throw light upon — no question within the range of human investigation or human per- formance that has existed long enough to be put into books. It is a treasure- house of information so separated and arranged that any fact can be turned to instantly. You don't have to hunt for the thing you need ; it is where you can put your hand upon it with no delay whatever. It is marvelous, when you think of it, that so vast an array of facts can be classified and rendered instantly ac- cessible, but the alphabetic index system accomplishes it perfectly.

"This is all very well. Lawyers, doctors, and clergymen find it, no doubt, indispensable, but — "

" There are no exceptions whatever, except the exceptions of sheer stupidity. Your man who is not only ignorant, but who wishes to remain ignorant, has no use for a cycloptedia. For everybody else it is not merely useful, but absolutely necessary. Every intelligent person, caring at all for what has been accom- plished in the world, who needs information in the way of his business, or who desires information on the various subjects that agitate the public mind, needs a cyclopfedia as much as he needs his morning newspaper. In fact, it is a sufiple- ment to the morning paper. A man's newspaper informs him of the events that took place yesterday, but, in order to appreciate the significance of those events, in order to understand them fully and accurately, it is often necessary to consult some fact in history, geography, science, or other theme, and a cyclopaedia, if at hand, is ready to give the information required. There is no man whose calling is so lowly that he can not find a cyclopedia useful. The judge wants it, the lawyer wants it, the doctor wants it, the banker wants it, the man of letters wants it, the artist wants it, the teacher wants it, the merchant wants it, the manufacturer wants it, the farmer wants it. the artisan wants it, the railroad official wants it, the telegraph and telephone operator wants it, the tradesman wants it — everybody, in short, needs it, male and female — excepting, perhaps, the milli(maire. If a man is a millionaire, he can have his library of ten thou- sand volumes, and employ a dozen secretaries to hunt up his facts, if he wants any facts. The rest of us who can not employ a dozen secretaries, and do not own ten thousand volumes, need a cyclopaedia every day of our lives."

"Your ideas are comprehensive, for you make the whole people your con- stituency. In no other country could this be possible."

"Xo doubt, and this is due to the superior intelligence of the people, and this superior intelligence is the result of our public-school system. The public schools implant a desire for knowledge in the minds of the lowliest, and, once

�� � 15

experienced, this desire makes men eager to go to the bottom of things, and tiiere is no swifter or surer way of getting to the bottom of things than by going to a cyclopjedia.

And then, when once a man has formed the habit of consulting a cyclo- pedia, he is lost if he can not have access to one. The habit grows with our knowledge, strengthens with our intelligence, and becomes a very part of our- selves. Who would think of doing without a dictionary? Yet a hundredyears ago dictionaries were just coming into general use. People have lived wnthout chimneys, without window-glass, without carpets, without forks, and without dic- tionaries, but civilized communities do not now dream of doing without them. And so it is fast becoming with cyclopanlias. Use becomes second nature. Once in a family, and the members of the family in the habit of consulting it, they could as soon do without any other of the conveniences of civilization as with- out a cyclopsedia.

'•Think of its influence for good where there are young people— and what roof does not cover young people? The very word inv(dves the idea of edu- cating the child, as 1 have already said. The wisest provision a father can make for his boys and girls is to purchase a cyclopaedia. Once encouraged to consult it, young people will soon fall into the way of going to its pages in order to gratify their curiosity on many themes, and is it not easy to see what an intel- lectual stimulus this must be? A cyclopaedia not only opens the doors to all knowledge, but often creates the desire for knowledge. As an educator in the familv, therefore, too much can not be -aid for it. It is not only of great value intellectually but morally. A man's sons and daughters are not only sure to be- come more intelligent if' taught to study a cyclopfedia, but the taste thus formed will save many a lad from dissolute habits, and many a young woman from be- coming a frivolous gossij).

" But there are cyclopaedias and cyclopaedias."

'•True enough. There are cyclopa3dias too meager to serve the end in view, and cyclopsedias too ])onderous and technical for popular instruction. I have in mind The Amekioan CY('LOl>.^^.mA, which seems to me to occupy the golden mean. A cvclopfedia is insufficient that excludes all biographies of living men and stops in its survey of general subjects a generation ago. as is the cnse with most foreign cyclopsedias ; and a cyclopfedia is tantalizing that merely outlines information and leaves the reader only half informed. The articles in The American Cyclo- pedia are concise and direct; they contain nothing unnecessary, but everything necessary to the understanding of' the subject; they bring information down to the latest time: they are written by men Avho have given their lives to the study of the various themes ; they are clothed in clear and simple language; they are not burdened by obscure and technical terms, and are not only accurate but emi- nently interesting. The editors sti'ove by every means within their power to make them the models of what cyclopaedia articles should be.

"The American Cyclopaedia is pre-eminently the cyclopaedia for the Ameri- can people because no other work of the kind is so full of American subjects. It is pre-eminently the work for the American reader, because it was prepared with the tastes and the intellectual needs of Americans fully in view. It is the great national cyclopaedia written by Americans for Americans.

"'What is a cyclopedia?' you ask. A universal library, a compendium of the whole range of knowledge, a nnrrative of all that has been done, a revela- tion of all that has been discovered, a panorama of the world's history, th^ sub- stance of ten thousand volumes in one shelf-ful of volumes, a single work that does as much, perhaps, for the spread of knowledge and the growth of intelli- gence as our system of public education.

"This is what a cyclopaedia is, and The American Cyclopedia, edited by George Ripley and Charles A. Dana, and published by 1). Appleton & Co., is the work that fulfills the great purpose of a cyclopaedia better than any other."

��For specimen pages and terms, address

D. APPLETON cSc CO., Publishers,

1, 3, & 5 Bond Street, New York.

�� � 16

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\V. E. T.AMI'MAV. Catskii.l, N Y., March 5, 1887.


W..i;ks at East Boston, Mass, SELLING AGKN'CIE.S.— M H. Johnson, W) c.ntrc St., N. Y. , Rice & Whitaore Mfg. Co., 42 and 44 W. Mnnn.e St., Chicago, 111.; T. R. Chask. :jl Edmund Place, Detroit, Mich.; William Gardiner «fe Co., I'ortland, Oregon; J. L. Frisbie. .".-..'r. I'hihi St.. Covinpton, Ky. It pays to <lo work early. Send for new Ulustrated deacripfix'e Catalogue, free.

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1. "DECAUSE : It is the LEABIXG JOURS AL of America, and coutains more reading-matter -^ than any other jourudl of its class.

2. "DECAUSE : It is the exponent of the most advanced scientific medical thought,

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4. "DECAUSE: Its "Original Articles" are the results of scientific observation and research. ^~* and are of infinite practical value to the general practitioner.

5. "DECAUSE : The " Reports on the ProErress of Medicine.'" which are published from time to -'-' time, contain the most recent discoveries in the various departments of medicine, and

are written by practitioners especially qualified for the purpose.

6. "DECAUSE: The column devoted in each number to "Therapeutical Notes "' contains & re- -'-' snme of the practical application oi the most recent therapeutic novelties. "DECAUSR: The Society Proceedings, of which each number contains one or more, are re- •*-' ports of tlie practical experience of prominent physicians who thus give to the profession

the results of certain modes of treatment in given cases. "DECAUSE : The Editorial Columns are controlled only by the desire to promote the welfare, ^-^ honor, and advancement of the science of medicine, as viewed from a standpoint looking

to the best inlerests of the profession. "DECAUSE : Nothing is admitted to its columiis that has not some bearing on medicine, or is -'-' not possessed of some practical value.

"D EC.\USE : It is published solely in the interests of medicine, and for the upholding of the ■^^ elevated position occupied by the profession in America.


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