Report to the Deputy Attorney General on the Events at Waco, Texas

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Report to the Deputy Attorney General on the Events at Waco, Texas  (1993) 
United States Department of Justice

Report to the Deputy Attorney
General on the Events at Waco, Texas
February 28 to April 19, 1993

US-DeptOfJustice-Seal.svg

October 8, 1993 [Redacted Version]


UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

REPORT ON THE EVENTS AT

WACO, TEXAS

FEBRUARY 28 TO APRIL 19, 1993

Richard Scruggs

Assistant to the Attorney General

  Victor Gonzalez

Inspector, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Steven Zipperstein

Special Counsel to the Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division

  Herbert Cousins

Assistant Inspector, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Robert Lyon

Assistant Counsel, Office of Professional Responsibility

  Roderick Beverly

Assistant Inspector, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Table of Contents[edit]

Executive Summary

I. Introduction

A. The Branch Davidians
B. The FBI's Response to Crisis Situations

II. Chronology: February 28 to April 19, 1993

III. The FBI's Management of the Standoff at Mt. Carmel

A. Introduction
B. The FBI's Strategy for Handling the Standoff
C. The Role of FBI Headquarters in the Standoff
D. The Negotiations
1. Organization of the Negotiation Teams
2. Negotiation Strategy
3. Significant Negotiation Events During the Standoff
a) Early Negotiations: February 28 - March 5
b) Negotiation Team Themes
c) Negotiations From March 6 to 13
d) Negotiations From March 14 to 22
4. The Negotiators' Conclusions
5. Differences in Opinions Within The Crisis Management Team
6. Meetings Between the Branch Davidians and Private Counsel
E. Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) and SWAT Teams
1. HRT
2. HRT Tactics
3. Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Program
F. Technical Assistance
G. Security of the Perimeter Surrounding the Branch Davidian Compound

IV. The Role of Experts During the Standoff

A. Introduction
B. Forensic Psychologists/Psychiatrists/Psycholinguists
1. Dr. Roger Bell
2. Dr. Park Dietz
3. Dr. C. Di Giovanni
4. Dr. Anthony J. Pinizotto
5. Dr. Mike Webster
6. Bruce D. Perry
7. Dr. Murray S. Miron
8. Dr. Joseph L. Krofcheck
9. FBI Behavioral Scientists
C. Religious/Theological Experts
1. Dr. Philip Arnold
2. Dr. Bill Austin
3. Jeriel Bingham
4. Reverend Trevor Delafield
5. Dr. Robert Wallace and Dr. John Fredericks
6. Dr. Michael Haynes
7. Dr. Glenn Hilburn
D. Medical Experts
E. "Cult Experts"

V. Family and Other Outside Contacts

A. Introduction
B. Contacts Between Persons Inside the Compound and Family Members
C. Miscellaneous Contacts
D. FBI Contacts With Family Members

VI. Attitudes of Koresh and others in the Compound

A. Introduction
B. Religion/Devotion to Koresh
C. Intention to Stay Inside the Compound
D. Law Enforcement/Government
E. Death and Suicide
1. Suicide Possible
2. Suicide Not Possible
3. Expert Opinions Regarding Suicide

VII. Child Abuse

A. A. Introduction
B. Evidence of Historical Child Sexual and Physical Abuse
1. Sexual Abuse
2. Physical Abuse
3. Circumstantial Evidence of Ongoing Abuse During the Standoff
4. Public Statements About Child Abuse After the Standoff

VIII. The Role of Other Law Enforcement Organizations

A. The Texas Rangers
B. The United States Attorney's Office
C. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms 233

IX. The Justice Department's Role: February 28 - March 12, 1993

A. Introduction
B. The Justice Department During the Transition Period 235
C. Acting Attorney General Gerson's Handling of Waco: February 28 - March 12, 1993 236

X. Role of the White House

XI. Planning and Decision-making Between March 23 and April 19, 1993

A. Coordination of the Prosecutive and Investigative Teams
B. The CS Gas-Insertion Plan
1. Tactical Concerns
2. The Strategy
C. Week of April 12, 1993
1. April 12 Meetings
2. April 14 Meetings
3. April 15 Meetings
4. April 16 Meetings
5. April 17 Events
6. April 18 Events
7. The Attorney General's Concerns
8. The Attorney General's Retrospective
D. Details of the Tear Gas Plan

XII. The Events of April 19, 1993

A. Introduction
B. Preparations to Implement the Plan
C. Initial Implementation of the Tear Gas Plan
D. The Gassing Escalates
E. The Fire
1. Infrared Aerial Video and Still Photos
2. Eyewitness Observations from outside the Compound
3. Reports of Shooting During the Fire
4. Davidians Escaping and Being Rescued During the Fire
5. Statements of Surviving Davidians
6. Firefighting Efforts
7. False Accusations that the FBI Started the Fire

XIII. The Aftermath of the April 19 Fire

A. Introduction
B. Processing the Crime Scene
C. Identification of Bodies/Medical Examiner Reports
1. Branch Davidians Killed During February 28 Shootout
2. Identified Branch Davidians From April 19 Fire
3. Unidentified Branch Davidians From April 19 Fire
D. The Arson Investigation
1. Introduction
2. The Arson Report
3. The Fire Development Analysis

XIV. Prosecutions

A. Introduction
B. Prosecutive Efforts During the Standoff
C. Initial Series of Indictments
1. United States v. Kathy Schroeder, Brad Branch and Kevin Whitecliff
2. United States v. Norman Washington Allison (aka Delroy Nash) and Woodrow Kendrick
3. United States v. Schroeder, Whitecliff, Branch, Jaime Castillo and Clive Doyle
4. United States v. Paul Fatta
5. United States v. Graeme Craddock
6. United States v. Schroeder, Branch, Whitecliff, Doyle Castillo and Livingstone Fagan
D. The Omnibus Indictment
E. Schroeder's Guilty Plea

Closing

APPENDIX

A. Photographs of Compound
B. List of Military Personnel and Equipment
C. List of Demands by Davidians During Standoff and FBI Responses
D. Arson Report
E. Koresh Letters
F. Copy of Indictment
G. List of Children Released During Standoff
H. Intelligence on Sanitary Conditions Inside Compound
I. Intelligence on Davidians, water supply
J. Riot Control Agent, CS Information Obtained from British and U.S. Studies
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).