Rupert's Land Act, 1868

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Rupert's Land Act, 1868  (1868) 
The Rupert's Land Act of 1868 was legislation authorizing the transfer of Rupert's Land from the control of the Hudson's Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada. The transfer occurred in 1869 and was consummated in 1870 by the payment of a consideration of £300,000.00 to the Hudson's Bay Company, as mandated by the Rupert's Land and North-Western Territory Order of 1870. Under this agreement, the HBC also retained rights to twenty percent of the arable land in the territory.


Contents[edit]

Rupert's Land Act, 1868

Recital of Charter of Hudson Bay Company.
Recital of Agreement of Surrender.
1. Title of Act.
2. Definition of "Rupert's Land".
3. Power to Her Majesty to accept Surrender of Lands, &c. of the Company upon Terms.
4. Extinguishment of all Rights of the Company.
5. Power to Her Majesty to admit Rupert's Land into the Dominion of Canada.
Jurisdiction of present Courts and Officers continued.


31 & 32 Victoria, c. 105 (U.K.)


An Act for enabling Her Majesty to accept a Surrender upon Terms of the Lands, Privileges, and Rights of "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's Bay," and for admitting the same into the Dominion of Canada


[Assented to 31st July, 1868.]


Recital of Charter of Hudson Bay Company
Whereas by certain Letters Patent granted by His late Majesty King Charles the Second in the Twenty-second Year of His Reign certain Persons therein named were incorporated by the Name of "The Governor and Company of Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's Bay," and certain Lands and Territories, Rights of Government, and other Rights, Privileges, Liberties, Franchises, Powers, and Authorities were thereby granted or purported to be granted to the said Governor and Company in His Majesty's Dominions in North America: And whereas by the British North America Act, 1867, it was (amongst other things) enacted that it should be lawful for Her Majesty, by and with the Advice of Her Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council, on Address from the Houses of the Parliament of Canada, to admit Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory, or either of them, into the Union on such Terms and Conditions as are in the Address expressed and as Her Majesty thinks fit to approve, subject to the provisions of the said Act:
Recital of Agreement of Surrender
And whereas for the Purpose of carrying into effect the Provisions of the said British North America Act, 1867, and of admitting Rupert's Land into the said Dominion as aforesaid upon such Terms as Her Majesty thinks fit to approve, it is expedient that the said Lands, Rights, Privileges, Liberties, Franchises, Powers, and Authorities, so far as the same have been lawfully granted to the said Company, should be surrendered to Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, upon such Terms and Conditions as may be agreed upon by and between Her Majesty and the said Governor and Company as hereinafter mentioned: Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by Authority of the same, as follows:
Title of Act
1. This Act may be cited as "Rupert's Land Act, 1868."
Definition of "Rupert's Land"
2. For the Purposes of this Act the Term "Rupert's Land" shall include the whole of the Lands and Territories held or claimed to be held by the said Governor and Company.
Power to Her Majesty to accept Surrender of Lands, &c. of the Company upon Terms
3. It shall be competent for the said Governor and Company to surrender to Her Majesty, and for Her Majesty by any Instrument under Her Sign Manual and Signet to accept a Surrender of all or any of the Lands, Rights, Privileges, Liberties, Franchises, Powers, and Authorities whatsoever granted by the said Letters Patents to the said Governor and Company within Rupert's Land, upon such Terms and Conditions as shall be agreed upon by and between Her Majesty and he said Governor and Company; provided, however, that such Surrender shall not be accepted by Her Majesty until the Terms and Conditions upon which Rupert's Land shall be admitted into the said Dominion of Canada in pursuance of the One hundred and forty-sixth Section of the British North America Act, 1867; and that the said Surrender and Acceptance thereof shall be null and void unless within a Month from the Date of Such Acceptance of Her Majesty does by Order in Council under the Provisions of the said last recited Act admit Rupert's Land into the said Dominion; provided further, that no Charge shall be imposed by such Terms and Conditions upon the Consolidated Fund of tyhe United Kingdom.
Extinguishment of all Rights of the Company
4. Upon the Acceptance by Her Majesty of such Surrender all Rights of Government, and Proprietary Rights, and all other Privileges, Liberties, Franchises, Powers, and Authorities whatsoever, granted or purported to be granted by the said Letters Patent to the said Governor and Company within Rupert's Land, and which shall have been so surrendered, shall be absolutely extinguished; provided that nothing herein contained shall prevent the said Governor and Company from continuing to carry on in Rupert's Land or elsewhere Trade and Commerce.
Power to Her Majesty to admit Rupert's Land into the Dominion of Canada
5. It shall be competent to Her Majesty by any such Order or Orders in Council as aforesaid, on Address from the Houses of the Parliament of Canada, to declare that Rupert's Land shall, from a Date to be therein mentioned, be admitted into and become Part of the Dominon of Canada; and thereupon it shall be lawful for the Parliament of Canada from the Date aforesaid to make, ordain, and establish within the Land and Territory so admitted as aforesaid all such Laws, Insitutions, and Ordinances, and to constitute such Courts and Officers as may be necessary for the Peace, Order and good Government of Her Majesty's Subjects and others therein;
Jurisdiction of present Courts and Officers continued
Provided that, until otherwise enacted by the said Parliament of Canada, all the Powers, Authorities, and Jurisdiction of the several Courts of Justice now established in Rupert's Land, and of the several Officers thereof, and of all Magistrates and Justices now acting within the said Limits, shall continue in full force and effect therein.



This work is in the public domain worldwide because the work was created by a public body of the United Kingdom with Crown Status and commercially published before 1964.

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