Statute of Westminster, 1931
|Statute of Westminster (1931)
|The Statute of Westminster, 1931 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (22 & 23 Geo. V c. 4, December 11, 1931) which established a status of legislative equality between the self-governing dominions of the British Empire and the United Kingdom. The Statute became domestic law within each of the other Commonwealth realms after the patriation of the particular realm's constitution, to the extent that it was not rendered obsolete by that process. The Statute is sometimes referred to, especially in the former dominions, as the Treaty of Westminster, although it was not in the form of a treaty.|
- 1. Meaning of "Dominion" in this Act.
- 2. Validity of laws made by Parliament of a Dominion.
- 3. Power of Parliament of Dominion to legislate extra-territorially.
- 4. Parliament of United Kingdom not to legislate for Dominion except by consent.
- 5. Powers of Dominion Parliaments in relation to merchant shipping.
- 6. Powers of Dominion Parliaments in relation to Courts of Admiralty.
- 7. Saving for British North America Acts and applications of the Act to Canada.
- 8. Saving for Constitution Acts of Australia and New Zealand.
- 9. Saving with respect to States of Australia.
- 10. Certain sections of Act not to apply to Australia, New Zealand or Newfoundland unless adopted.
- 11. Meaning of "Colony" in future Acts.
- 12. Short title.
22 George V, c. 4 (U.K.)
An Act to give effect to certain resolutions passed by Imperial Conferences held in the years 1926 and 1930
[Assented to 11th December, 1931.]
And whereas it is meet and proper to set out by way of preamble to this Act that, inasmuch as the Crown is the symbol of the free association of the members of the British Commonwealth of Nations, and as they are united by a common allegiance to the Crown, it would be in accord with the established constitutional position of all the members of the Commonwealth in relation to one another that any alteration in the law touching the Succession to the Throne or the Royal Style and Titles shall hereafter require the assent as well of the Parliaments of all the Dominions as of the Parliament of the United Kingdom:
And whereas it is in accord with the established constitutional position that no law hereafter made by the Parliament of the United Kingdom shall extend to any of the said Dominions as part of the law of that Dominion otherwise than at the request and with the consent of that Dominion:
And whereas it is necessary for the ratifying, confirming and establishing of certain of the said declarations and resolutions of the said Conferences that a law be made and enacted in due form by authority of the Parliament of the United Kingdom:
And whereas the Dominion of Canada, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of New Zealand, the Union of South Africa, the Irish Free State and Newfoundland have severally requested and consented to the submission of a measure to the Parliament of the United Kingdom for making such provision with regard to the matters aforesaid as is hereafter in this Act contained:Now, therefore, be it enacted by the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—