The City of God/Book VI

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
The City of God
Augustine of Hippo
translated by Marcus Dods

Book VI
Argument—Hitherto the argument has been conducted against those who believe that the gods are to be worshipped for the sake of temporal advantages, now it is directed against those who believe that they are to be worshipped for the sake of eternal life. Augustin devotes the five following books to the confutation of this latter belief, and first of all shows how mean an opinion of the gods was held by Varro himself, the most esteemed writer on heathen theology. Of this theology Augustin adopts Varro’s division into three kinds, mythical, natural, and civil; and at once demonstrates that neither the mythical nor the civil can contribute anything to the happiness of the future life.

Book VI[edit]

  1. Of Those Who Maintain that They Worship the Gods Not for the Sake of Temporal But Eternal Advantages.
  2. What We are to Believe that Varro Thought Concerning the Gods of the Nations, Whose Various Kinds and Sacred Rites He Has Shown to Be Such that He Would Have Acted More Reverently Towards Them Had He Been Altogether Silent Concerning Them.
  3. Varro’s Distribution of His Book Which He Composed Concerning the Antiquities of Human and Divine Things.
  4. That from the Disputation of Varro, It Follows that the Worshippers of the Gods Regard Human Things as More Ancient Than Divine Things.
  5. Concerning the Three Kinds of Theology According to Varro, Namely, One Fabulous, the Other Natural, the Third Civil.
  6. Concerning the Mythic, that Is, the Fabulous, Theology, and the Civil, Against Varro.
  7. Concerning the Likeness and Agreement of the Fabulous and Civil Theologies.
  8. Concerning the Interpretations, Consisting of Natural Explanations, Which the Pagan Teachers Attempt to Show for Their Gods.
  9. Concerning the Special Offices of the Gods.
  10. Concerning the Liberty of Seneca, Who More Vehemently Censured the Civil Theology Than Varro Did the Fabulous.
  11. What Seneca Thought Concerning the Jews.
  12. That When Once the Vanity of the Gods of the Nations Has Been Exposed, It Cannot Be Doubted that They are Unable to Bestow Eternal Life on Any One, When They Cannot Afford Help Even with Respect to the Things Of this Temporal Life.